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Allah the most Exalted says:

"They [are those who] fulfil their vows, and they fear a day whose evil will be wide-spreading" [Surah al-Insan, 76:7].

 

And He says:

And whatever you spend in charity or whatever vow you make, be sure Allah knows it all" [Surah al-Baqarah, 2:270].

 

It is authentically reported from 'Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said, "Whoever vow to obey Allah, he should do so, and whoever vow to disobey Him, should not do so" [Al-Bukhari].

 

LESSONS DERIVED FROM THIS CHAPTER:

1-      Fulfillment of vows is obigatory.

2-      Since it is established that making a vow is an act of worship, then directing a vow to other than Allah is commiting Shirk.

3-      It is prohibited to fulfill any vow that is based on disobedience to Allah.

 

COMMENTS:

The saying of Allah, the most High: "They fulfill their vows", Allah praised those who fulfill their vows, and that implies that this aspect of worship is loved by Allah, and that it is lawful. Whatever is of this nature is surely a kind of ibadah (worship), as such directing it to other than Allah is a major Shirk.

 

The same goes to His saying: "And whatever you spend in charity or whatever vow you make, be sure Allah knows it all".

 

As for the hadeeth of 'Aishah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said, "Whoever makes a vow to obey Allah should obey Him", this means the fulfillment of vows is an incumbent duty, and that indicates that it is an aspect of worship, and whatever is a means leading to that is also part of worship, for the means leading to the fulfillment of a vow is the vow itself. If it was not for the vow the issue of fulfillment would not arise, so the fulfillment is incumbent for the fact that the person  is the one who made that ibadah incumbent upon himself.

 

He then said, "And whoever vows to disobey Allah should not do so", because, for an adult sane person to make incumbent upon himself something that is clearly a disobedience to Allah, goes against the prohibition by Allah of all sorts of disobedience. Rather it is necessary upon him to expiate that with an oath expiation, and this has been treated in detail in the chapters of vows in the books of Fiqh (jurisprudence).

 

Making a vow to Allah is an ibadah (worship) and making a vow to other than Allah is also an ibadah, so, if the person making the vow directed it to other than Allah he has surely worshipped that thing or person.   

 

Taken from: The book "Ghaayatul Mureed"

 

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