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The Islamic State is unique in its structure, composition and its characteristics. These characteristics are depicted from the Quran and Hadith. The following are the major characteristics of the Islamic state:


1-  The Islamic state derives its authority from the concept of “Vicegerency of Allah


 2  -  The safeguard of religion and the supremacy of the word of Allah are the first and primary objectives of the Islamic state. Every other thing becomes secondary to that.


3  -  The policies of the state are drawn within the limit of the intent of Islamic law.


4  -  Islamic Society is based on the concept of Consultation. Allah designated a whole Surah in the Quran under the title of Consultation. In Surah Ash-Shura (Consultation) Allah says:


وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ


" Those who hearken to their Lord, and establish regular Prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance" Q42:38.


4  - The implementation of Islamic law is the target of the Islamic state and it is the purpose of its very existence. This applies to all aspects of the state behavior: political, economic, social and military; and it also applies to all the relationships between the state and the individuals.


5  -  Enjoining what is good and forbidding what is wrong. Allah says:


كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ


" You are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah." Q3:110.


6  -  The Islamic society is built on the concept of brotherhood. Muslims are ordained to have the feelings and application of concept of brotherhood. In this regard, the Quran states


إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ أَخَوَيْكُمْ


" The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers " Q49:10.


The above mentioned characteristics are the main characteristics of the Islamic State. However, if Muslims adhere to such characteristics and apply them, many of their daily problems will be solved.







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