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The Islamic shari'ah is comprehensive in all aspects of life. It calls for bringing benefits to humanity and increasing them it also calls for the deprivation of evil and reduction it. So Mediation is used on both sides. Because it can either be of benefit to others or harmful to them, as we have mentioned earlier on the types of mediation and in their effects.

From the very beginning, Islam has demolished and abolished all kinds of mediation between Allah and mankind in worship. Rather, Islam is unique in that over all other heavenly religions. It abolished the role of the traditional priesthood, which monopolized the relationship between Allah and the people for so long. They organized an executive class for themselves in some societies if not in most of them, an influential class possessing a lot of money and power, and as a result, controlling the affairs of the people.

Allah has made our Prophet peace be upon him mediator between Allah and the people in explaining and delivering the Qur'an to them. Allah said in the Qur’an:

{وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ}. (النحل: 44).

{And We revealed to you the message that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought}.

This verse shows that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is responsible to clarify the Qur'an by delivering and explaining it; He explains it with recitation, he makes it clear by explaining that which is difficult on the believers. In this regard, the verse points out the Prophet's intercession in the process of receiving the Qur'an, making him an omniscient mediator who delivers the Qur'an by explanation, and a methodological mediator who fulfills the function of explaining and interpreting the Qur'an. This mediation is more ascertained with the presence of the pronoun referring to the prophet in the verse: {And we revealed to you}, which shows that Allah honored the Prophet with the rank of mediation between Allah and the people, by saying that He revealed the Qur'an to him and He did not say to you all or to them. Therefore, the clarification entrusted to the Prophet peace be upon him is the clarification of the text and the meaning derived from it, which in the first case is a clarification of delivery and information, and in the second case is a clarification of interpretation and proclamation. And that this Islamic nation is the middle nation with all the meanings of word middle, whether it is considered as mediation in the sense of good and virtue, or the middle that means moderation and belief, it does not exaggerate in spiritual life only, nor among the material things, it deals with them without negligence and excessiveness, with a target, consistency, and moderation in thoughts and feelings, with organizing, coordinating connections and relationships. (See: Fi zilal Al-Qur’an vol.1, pages 130-131).

This consistency in the Muslim's view of matters, and this clarity in his vision of the reality, made him worthy to weigh people's news and their perceptions, and their different lifestyles, with a delicate scale, he is not unjust nor reckless, he does not exaggerate the reality making it bigger than its size, and does not diminish and despise it making it below its reality.

By this, the reality of this nation and its function can be determined, in order to know it, feel its magnitude, to realize its role the best way, and prepare for it in a befitting preparation.

 

In conclusion, I say, Dear brother, my dear sister, to you who reads these lines and words, let us fear Allah our Lord in our dealings and our relations with others. Islam does not prevent mediation or intercession except on the limits laid by Allah for good, without affecting the interests of others, and bribery or gift is not permissible for that, neither before the fulfillment of the request nor after that, because the act of good must be done irrespective of material benefits and facilities, and must be done with the intention of gaining Allah's pleasure, and facilitate access to the legitimate needs of our brothers.

This is the view expressed by the Holy Quran, Allah said:

{مَّن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً حَسَنَةً يَكُن لَّهُ نَصِيبٌ مِّنْهَا ۖ وَمَن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً سَيِّئَةً يَكُن لَّهُ كِفْلٌ مِّنْهَا ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقِيتًا} (النساء: 85).

{Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom; and whoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a burden therefrom. And ever is Allah, over all things, a Keeper}. (Qur’an 4:85).

This is a demonstration of the kindness of Allah to His slaves.

Mediation is to make efforts to attain other people's aim. If the mediation is for good, it becomes permitted, and if the mediation is for bad, it becomes prevented or prohibited by law.

The concept of mediation is not necessarily to be negative unless if it is unjust. Mediation is a good concept in Islam and is well tolerated, but not at the expense of anyone .. What if we render mediation to those who really deserve it, and deviate from providing it to those we know only or on the bases of relations forgetting the efficiency and quality offered by the person.

The Quran and the Sunnah of our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) teach us that mediation is a good thing for those who deserve it. There is no fault for anyone to acquire a job or get a chance, he deserves as long as he is hardworking, behaved and actually wants to work. It is not wrong or a fault for any of us to get a mediation as long as he deserves it, and as long as he only takes his place. It is not wrong for us to be mediators for someone who seems serious to the extent that makes him a fully qualified person to fit a job/position/opportunity.

But the wrong thing is when we give rights to those who do not deserve it. The wrong thing is when we are too extreme. When we keep good opportunities for those who do not worth them just because they are our relatives or for personal benefits we expect from the other person. The real problem or trouble is when a job or task is given to a weak person that cannot be trusted. How would such person be a strong and trustworthy when he knows perfectly well that he does not deserve it and cannot do it as required. How can he prove himself while originally get the work/task as a ready-made? It is totally wrong for us to waste energies and powers, it is also totally wrong to forget the Qur'an and place it behind us and pretend that we are the ones who apply it and the Sharia. It is very wrong to spread injustice by applying bad mediations for people who are not qualified to work for the country. It is wrong for people to consider mediation as the only means to achieve their needs.

The good mediation is a manifestation of the cooperation of the Muslim community and its solidarity in the pleasure of Allah the highest. It is a proof that the needs of individuals can be fulfilled by the help of some people in the community, and that Allah the Almighty is the one who predestined it and made it affordable to be accomplished as He wished and wanted. And mediation or intercession is one of the usual reasons which the human being does and refers the realization of its outcome and objectives to Allah the Highest. This is the real trust dependency of on Allah. It is one of the principles of belief after the use of reasons, and the application of man's role, brain, and effort in achieving that which is desired. The achievement of the desired is by Allah's favor and kindness, and if it is not achieved, then, Allah's wish is in something else and not in this one.

This is all we have to say about intercession in the Qur'an so far, and Allah the highest knows best. May Allah's peace and blessings be upon our faithful messenger and on his family and respectable companions, and those who followed their path in goodness until the Day of Judgment.

 

 

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