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Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May Allah's peace and blessings be upon His last Prophet and Messenger, Muhammad, his family and his Companions.

Among the great, noble and virtuous female Companions, who were honored with life during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), She was a Companion of a very special character, known as Al-Khansaa', (may Allah be pleased with her), the poetess and the mother of martyrs.

Her name is Tumadhir, the daughter of ʿAmr ibn al-Ḥareth ibn al-Sharid al-Sulamiyah. She had a very kind and strong personality that definitely allowed her to express her opinions freely in most times. One of those times was when she announced her refusal to marry Duraid ibn Al-Samah, one of the Knights of Banu Jeshm, because she preferred to marry one of her relatives. So she married her cousin -Rawahah ibn Abdul-Aziz al-Salami- and they had a boy. However, she did not last long with him because he was gambling and not caring about his money. Later, she married her cousin Merdas ibn Abi Aamer al-Sulami, and had four boys with him: Yazīd, Muʿāwiyah, ʿAmr, and ʿAmrah, all of whom converted to Islam.

Her most famous talent was poetry. She was a very eloquent poetess, and the most eloquent of her poetry were recited in lamentation of her two brothers, Sakhr and Mu‘aawiyah, who were killed during the pre-Islamic era. The scholars of poetry and language unanimously agreed that no other woman other than Al-Khansa ever attained the level of poetry al-Khansa’ recited, neither before nor after her.

Al-Khansa is considered one of the veteran Companions; She lived during both: the pre-Islamic era and the Islamic era. After the advent of Islam, Al-Khansa came to Madinah among a delegation of her tribe -Banu Sulaym- to pledge their allegiance to the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Islam changed her perspectives on death, life, patience and immortality. She -after converting to Islam-  became a good Muslimah and a strong woman that never fear death, because her heart was full of faith in the life after death. She took part in the Battle of Qaadisiyyah, and delivered a wonderful address to her four sons, encouraging their enthusiasm, and reminding them of the great reward prepared for them by Allah Almighty for fighting the disbelievers, then she recited the following verse:

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اصْبِرُوا وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ} (آل عمران:200).

Interpretation of the meaning: {O you who have believed, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful} [Quran 3:200].

Unlike her reaction to her brothers' death before Islam, when she was informed of the killing of all her four sons, she did not grieve or squeal, but said, "Praise be to Allah who honored me with their martyrdom. And I have hope from my Lord that he will reunite me with them in the abode of his mercy".

Yes, this is Islam that changes people from one situation to another, and strengthens them enough to stand and be steadfast during life and overcome pains of adversity; Because everything will eventually return to Allah.

She died  in 24 AH, at the beginning of the succession of Uthman, (may Allah be pleased with them).  

May Allah have mercy on al-Kahnsaa' and her sons and bring them together in His Paradise.

 

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