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Is Swallowing Mucus(a thick slimy substance) in Prayer Invalidate It?

Question:

Does the prayer become invalid by swallowing mucus (a thick slimy substance) to those who sees that swallowing it does not invalidate fasting, such as Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), which you have mentioned as strong and notable?

Answer:

Praise be to Allah, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family and companions, after that:

We have mentioned previously which is part of the scholars' view on the ruling on swallowing mucus in prayer, and that it invalidates it, and it seems that the two issues are the same - i.e. it spoils fasting and prayer by swallowing it - for those who said it spoils fasting by swallowing it they considered it as food, and swallowing food in prayer spoils it. For those who said swallowing it does not spoil the fast they considered it as saliva, and swallowing it does not spoil the prayer. The Malikis say that deliberately swallowing of mucus even if it reaches the mouth does not spoil fasting or prayer.

Al-Hatab (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Mawahib Al-Jalil: "He said in the matters of the prayer at the ends of the middle: Al-Lakhmi was asked about coughing repeatedly to draw someone’s attention while in prayer. He replied: Everything that goes down in the throat and swallowed person it does not spoils a fasting or prayer - even if he is capable to spit it out - so long it does not reach the stomach. And if it went out to his mouth and he swallowed it, there is a dispute between the scholars. whether he should repeat his fasting and his prayers as in the case of food or not? but it is not like food". End of quote.

As for Shaykh al-'Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) he mentioned that he did not come across any statement from the Hanbalis - i.e. the scholars of his school of thought - in this matter. He mentioned that comparison of their saying that fasting is invalid  by swallowing mucus also applies on the invalidation of the prayer if it is swallowed deliberately as well. He chooses that swallowing mucus does not invalidate fasting. Therefore if this is the ruling on the the original base of on which the comparison is done, the branch compared - which is the prayer - desrves the rulling the more.

The Shaykh (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “Most of the scholars of the Hanbalis say: "If the mucus reaches the mouth and he swallows it, his fast becomes invalid and the comparison of that is that: If that happens while in prayer, the prayer becomes void if we say that this is part of eating. But I have not come across that for prayers, even though saying that it nullifies the fast if it reaches the mouth and he swallows it  needs to be looked into, because this cannot be called eating or drinking, and it did not entered into his stomach, rather it still remains in his stomach, although the mouth is considered to be from the exterior not from the interior parts”. End of quote.

And Allah knows the best.

Source of the Fatwa:

Fatwa from: Islam web.

Fatwa no.: 141239

Original fatwa text in Arabic:

السؤال:

هل تبطل الصلاة بابتلاع البلغم عند من يرى أن ابتلاعه لا يبطل الصيام ـ كالشيخ ابن عثيمين رحمه الله ـ وهو قول أشرتم إلى أنه قوي ومتجه؟.

الجواب:

 الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد:

فقد ذكرنا في الفتوى رقم: 74504، طرفا من كلام العلماء في حكم ابتلاع النخامة في الصلاة وأنه مفسد لها والظاهر أن المسألتين من باب واحد ـ نعني إفساد الصوم والصلاة بابتلاع النخامة ـ فإن من أفسد الصوم بإبتلاعها جعلها كالأكل، وهو مبطل للصلاة، ومن لم يفسد الصوم بابتلاعها ألحقها بالريق، وابتلاعه غير مفسد للصلاة، وعند المالكية قول بأن تعمد ابتلاع النخامة ـ ولو وصلت إلى الفم ـ لا يفسد الصوم ولا الصلاة، قال الحطاب ـ رحمه الله ـ في مواهب الجليل: وقال في مسائل الصلاة في أواخر وسطها: وسئل اللخمي عن التنحنح في الصلاة فأجاب: كل ما انحدر من البلغم في الحلق فابتلعه المكلف فلا يفسد صوما ولا صلاة ـ ولو قدر على طرحه ـ إن لم يصل للهوات، ولو خرج لفمه فابتلعه ففيه اختلاف هل يعيد صومه وصلاته كالطعام أم لا؟ إذ ليس بمنزلة الطعام. انتهى.

وأما الشيخ العثيمين ـ رحمه الله: فإنه ذكر أنه لم يطلع على كلام للحنابلة... إلخ

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