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Doing Tayammum Even in the Presence of Water.

In the name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful. May Allah bestow His peace and blessings upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions. To proceed;

Do you know that you can perform Tayammum instead of Ghusl or Wudu' even when water is present?

Amr ibn Al-'Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated a hadeeth saying:

[احْتَلَمْتُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ بَارِدَةٍ فِي غَزْوَةِ ذَاتِ السَّلاَسِلِ فَأَشْفَقْتُ إِنِ اغْتَسَلْتُ أَنْ أَهْلِكَ فَتَيَمَّمْتُ ثُمَّ صَلَّيْتُ بِأَصْحَابِي الصُّبْحَ فَذَكَرُوا ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏يَا عَمْرُو صَلَّيْتَ بِأَصْحَابِكَ وَأَنْتَ جُنُبٌ"‏؟‏ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ بِالَّذِي مَنَعَنِي مِنَ الاِغْتِسَالِ وَقُلْتُ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ: {‏وَلاَ تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا‏}‏ فَضَحِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا].  ‏

[I had a wet dream on a cold night in the battle of Dhat as-Salasil. I was afraid, if I washed I would die. I, therefore, performed Tayammum and led my companions in the dawn prayer. They mentioned that to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). He said: "Amr, you led your companions in prayer while you have Janabah"? I informed him of the cause which prevented me from washing. And I said: I heard Allah said in the Qur'an: {Do not kill yourself, verily Allah is merciful to you}. Then the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) laughed and did not say anything]. (Sunan Abi Dawud 334) And Al-Albani said it is authentic.

The Prophet's silence on this indicates that, it is permissible; because he does not keep quiet on false. Also, because 'Amr was afraid for his life, So, Tayammum became permissible for him; just like the wounded and the sick person.

But if he is capable of making the water warm Tayammum will not be permitted for him. It is a condition for the permission of Tayammum in replacement of Ghusl or Ablution during the cold/winter season that the person must be incapable, and that he is unable to use water, and he cannot afford to warm the water, and that the using of cold water will harm him greatly which is a confirmed difficulties.

Sheikh Ibn Uthaimin (may Allah have mercy on him) said: "If he is afraid of cold, he should heat the water, but if he does not have the means of making the water hot he should do Tayammum; because he is afraid of harming his body. While Allah has said in the Qur'an:

{‏وَلاَ تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا‏}‏.

{Do not kill yourself, verily Allah is merciful to you}. (An-Nisa': 29).

'Amr ibn Al-'Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) used this verse as an evidence to do Tayammum instead of washing during cold times if he has Janabah.

May Allah grant us beneficial knowledge and help us to practice it correctly in a way that pleases Him.


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