Prayer Time

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By Dr. Abdul-Aziz Ibn al-Fawzaan al-Fawzaan -1

Dutifulness to parents is among the best deeds, and the greatest means of attaining proximity (to Allah), and the most beloved and sanctified (devotions) to Allah. It is among the greatest means of attaining rewards, gaining good deeds and the pardoning of sins. It is one of the closest ways to Him and the attainment of His paradise and Pleasure, and even; Allah has made His pleasure to be in the pleasure of Parents, and His wrath on their wrath. He made them the midmost of the gates of paradise, and more than, he made paradise to be beneath their feet (thus lowering one wings of respect and dutifulness to parents leads to paradise)

On the authority of Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be please with him): The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The pleasure of the Lord is in the pleasure of the parents, and the displeasure of the Lord is in the displeasure of the parents.”1

A man came to him seeking his permission to go for holy war; he said to him: “Are your parents alive?, he (the young man) said: “ yes”, then (the prophet may the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him) said:” in them struggle (your jihad is with them.).

In another report: (a man said to the prophet): “ I give you oath of allegiance for migration(hijra) and jihad seeking the pleasure of Allah thereof”, the he (the prophet) said: “ are your parents alive’? he said yes; both of them”. he said: “ are you seeking the reward of Allah; the most High? The man said yes, then (prophet said) : “ then go back to your parents and do good in their company”2. The hadith imply that, if jihad is not an individual obligation ( fard al-ain) it is not allowed for one to go out without seeking permission from parents, and that, occupying oneself with dutifulness and service towards them is a type of jihad on the cause of Allah.

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: I asked, “O Messenger of Allah, which deed is best?” in some report: which deeds (takes one) nearer to paradise” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, Prayer in its proper time.” I asked, “What is next?” The Prophet said, “Good treatment of your parents.” I said, “What is next?” The Prophet said, “Jihād in the way of Allah.” I became silent and if I had asked him more, he would have told me.3

Thus, he (peace be upon him) gave dutifulness to parents precedence to jihad on the path of Allah, and clarify that goodness to them is only second in degree to prayer (salaat); which is the pillar of Islam and the most beloved deeds to Allah.

The same applies to the words of the Most High:

وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوٓا۟ إِلَّآ إِيَّاهُ وَبِٱلْوَٰلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَٰنًا ۚ

Your Lord has commanded that you worship none but Him, and that you be good to your parents…” (Al-Israa: 23). Thus, He ordered that goodness be done to parents after ordering for His worship.

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari that once during the journey of the Holy Prophet (may peace of Allah be upon him) a bedouin appeared before him and caught hold of the nosestring of his she-camel and then said, Messenger of Allah (or Muhammad), inform me about that which takes me near to Paradise and draws me away from the Fire (of Hell). He (the narrator) said: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) stopped for a while and cast a glance upon his companions and then said: He was afforded a good opportunity (or he had been guided well). He (the Holy Prophet) addressing the bedouin said: (Repeat) whatever you have uttered. He (the bedouin) repeated that. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) remarked: “The deed which can draw you near to Paradise and take you away from Hell is that you worship Allah and associate none with Him, and you establish prayer and pay Zakat, and do good to your kin. After having uttered these words, the Holy Prophet asked the bedouin to release the nosestring of his she-camel. “

In some narration: “When he turned his back, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) remarked: “If he adheres to what he has been ordered to do, he would enter Paradise. “4

The meaning of his saying: “and do good to your kinship” shows that goodness to parents is among the greatest means of entering paradise, because they are the closest people in kinship and familial relation.

Also, in support of the above is his saying- may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him-the father is midmost of the gates of paradise, hence, preserve it or neglect it”5

On the authority of Mu’aawiya As-Sulami: “that Jaahima came to the Prophet may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and said: “ Oh Messenger of Allah! I want to join an expedition (for jihad) and have come to seek your opinion. Then he (the Prophet) said: do you have a mother? he said yes. The he said : then stick to her” in another report: “ stick to her feet, then you will be granted Paradise”6

In the report of Tabraani(7) the holy Prophet asked: do you have parents? He said: yes: then he (the prophet) said: “stick to them both for surely Paradise is beneath their feet”

On the authority of Aesha-may Allah be please with her-that the Messenger of Allah –may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him-said: “ I slept then I saw myself in paradise, then lo and behold a reciter (of the Qur’an) was reciting. The I said: who is this? They said: this is Haritha Ibn Nu’maan. Then the Messenger of Allah –may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said: such is Birr (dutifulness to parents), such is Birr (dutifulness to parents), such is Birr (dutifulness to parents); and he was the most dutiful to her mother” 8

The above is some reward of dutifulness to parents in the hereafter, but for its reward in this world: ones’ lifespan is blessed,ones’ provision is made plentiful, ones’ affairs are made easy and facilitated, his mentioned is exalted, his supplications are answered and he is compensated with dutiful children.

Appendix and references:

1-reported by at-Tirmidhi, ibn Hibbaan, al-Haakim and rendered authentic by Albaani (series of authentic traditions)

2-reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim

3- reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim

4- reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim

5- reported by at-Tirmidhi, ibn Majah,  Ahmad, al-Haakim and rendered authentic by Albaani (series of authentic traditions)

6-reported by An-Nasaa’I, Ibn Majah, Ahmad, al-Baihaqi and renederd authentic by Albani in Jami As-Sagheer

7-Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabeer

8-reported by An-Nasaa’I in sunan al-Kubra.

 

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