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First: Conditions and guidelines for Ruqyah:

It has to agree with the book of Allah and the sunnah of the messenger of Allah-peace be upon him.

In other words, it should not contradict any fundamental principle of supplication, seeking good, cure and good health, or seeking protection from harm and calamity.

More so, it should be done with something from the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah-peace be upon him- which is used for curing, seeking protection and making incantations, such as reciting some verses or chapters of the Qur'an, or using the names and attributes of Allah or reciting some supplications in the Qur'an or Sunnah known for this purpose.

 

Imam Shafi’ee-may Allah have mercy upon him- was asked about Ruqyah and he said: “there is no harm in Ruqyah or incantations with the book of Allah and what is known of dhikr”.

 

This can also be deduced from the saying of the prophet: “let me know your incantations, there is no harm in incantation that involves no polytheism.”

 

Thus, the fundamental principle is to abstain from incantations entailing polytheism and its avenues, forbidden statements and actions, which the person seeking ruqyah may request. Likewise, to abstain from supplicating to other than Allah or seeking help from Jinn or mankind in things that are exclusive rights of Allah and also the ruqyah should not be with prohibited statements like insults and curse. This is because of the hadith which says: “verily, Allah sent down the disease and cure, and has appointed a cure for every disease, so treat yourselves medically but dont use anything unlawful.

 

So one should abstain from the incantations of the Jews and Christians which are contradictory to the book of Allah and the sunnah, lrt alone using things that contradict the sense and religion, which are prevalent among people: blue and red beads, or iron and copper rings, or ropes and hairs, or clays and sand of graves and some places, or blood, or even urine and other impurities, whether they are drunk or mixed with other things.

 

Furthermore, care must be taken to abstain from incantations of magic which is actually the act of seeking help from the Jinn, and devils after going close to them through means that incur the anger of Allah, or incantations from soothsayers because of the saying of the Prophet: “whoever visits a soothsayer and believes in what he says has disbelieved in the revelation sent to Muhammad.”

 

This includes incantations containing strange names which they claim are names of kings of Jinn and leaders of their tribes, names of some stars and galaxies by which they create influence like love, hate, separation and the likes, or even display miracles or bring benefits.

 

No doubt that all these are prohibited because they fall under one of the seven destroyers as established in the hadith of the Prophet: “abstain from the seven destroyers” the companions asked: O messenger of Allah what are they? He said: “associating partners with Allah, magic…”

 

Sometimes, magicians use part of the Qur'an or names of Allah and His attributes in their incantations, but they mix it with their magic and falsehood. They may even turn the Qur'an and dhikr upside down.

 

Imam Ibnul Hajar-may Allah have mercy upon him-while mentioning the wisdom behind the prohibition of this kind of incantations, said: “ He claims to have control over the Jinn, so he comes with ambiguous issues made up of truth and falsehood, by combining the names of Allah with the names of devils and seeking their help”.

 

It is obvious that this is intended to misguide people and to snatch them away from the right religion and from legitimate means of seeking good and preventing harm. It is also well known that the devils among the Jinn do not obey anybody until they have made him to disbelieve and turn away from the religion of Allah.

 

It is also obligatory that incantations are not done in a manner that is prohibited such as doing it in the toilet or places of impurities, or writing some alphabet in it, nor should it be based on astrology. Ibn Abbass said concerning people who write alphabet and astrology: “I don’t know if one who does that will have a share in the sight of Allah”.

 

The messenger of Allah has also said: “whoever acquires a branch of astrology, learns a branch of magic (of which he acquires more as long as) he continues to do so”.

 

Furthermore, one must abstain from incantations that contains non-Arabic words or strange words whose meanings are not known such as words that are common with magicians like: talush, ‘alush, balush and the likes.

 

Imam Al-Khataabee-may Allah have mercy on him-said: “whatever is of incantation that is known, and contains dhikr is recommended and can be used to seek blessing.

 

Imam An-Nawawee-may Allah have mercy on him- said: “incantations with verses of the Quran, and well known dhikr, is not prohibited rather, it is part of the sunnah”

 

Imam Ibn Taymiyya-may Allah have mercy on him- said: “scholars have prohibited incantations whose meanings are not known because they can lead to shirk even if the person performing them does not know that they are acts of shirk”

 

Imam Ibn Hajar-may Allah have mercy on him-said: “scholars are in consensus concerning the permissibility of incantations when three conditions are fulfilled:

1-   It should be done with the words of Allah or His beautiful names and attributes.

2-   It should be in Arabic language or  words whose meanings are known in other languages.

3-   He should have it in mind that the incantation itself does not have effect except by the will of Allah.

 

Scholars differ on the necessity of these conditions but the most authentic opinion is that they must be fulfilled.

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