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Allah says in the Glorious Quran:

? ?  ?  ?  ?   ?     ?  ?  ?     ?

Meaning: “And when there comes to them information about [public] security or fear, they spread it around.” (Q4:V83)

According to Ibn Abbas-may Allah be pleased with him- this verse was revealed concerning the hypocrites; while according to Hasan and many others, this verse was revealed about weak Muslims (Ruh al-Ma'ani).

Ibn Kathir in his commentary on this verse stated that it is important to refer to the hadith of Umar ibn al-Khattab-may Allah be pleased with him- in other to understand the background in which this verse was revealed. According to him, when Umar heard that the Prophet-Peace be upon him- has divorced his wives, he left his house heading for the Mosque. While at the door steps, he heard people inside talking about the matter. Seeing this, he said that this was something which must first be investigated. So, he went to the Prophet-Peace be upon him- and asked him if he had divorced his wives. The Prophet said, "No." Umar said: "After having found out the truth of the matter, I returned to the Mosque and, standing on the door, I made an announcement that the Prophet has not divorced his wives. Whatever you are saying is wrong. Thereupon, the verse was revealed (Tafsir Ibn Kathir).

This verse tells us that hearsay should not be repeated without prior investigation into its credibility. This was why in a hadith, the Holy Prophet-Peace be upon him- said that: 'for a man to be a liar, it is enough that he repeats everything he hears without first verifying its truth'.

In another hadith, he said 'whoever relates something he thinks is a lie,-then, he too is one of the two liars.' (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

 

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