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The Republic of Armenia is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, Located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. However, Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage.

 

Islam in Armenia has generally been avoided throughout the centuries. During the Arabic invasion, Islam came to the Armenians however, most Armenians never converted to Islam.

 

The Muslim Arabs first invaded Armenia in 640. Prince Theodoros Rushton led the Armenian defense. In about 652, a peace agreement was made, allowing Armenians freedom of religion. Prince Theodoros traveled to Damascus, where he was recognized by the Arabs as the ruler of Armenia, Georgia and Albania.

 

By the end of the seventh century, the Caliphate's policy toward Armenia and the Christian faith hardened because of various reasons. Special representatives of Caliph called ostigans were sent to govern Armenia. The ostigans made the city of Dvin their residence. Before Dvin was the residence of Armenian Catholicos.

 

Although declared domain of Caliph, most of Armenia though not all remained faithful to the Christian religion. The Arabs failed in several attempts to convert the Armenians to Islam.

 

In 1989 census, Armenians 93.7 percent, Azerbaijanis 2.6 percent, Kurds 1.7 percent, Russians 1.6 percent, and others 0.4 percent. Almost all Azeris and Kurdis are Muslim. So, the total percentage of Muslims is around 4%.

 

Azeris and Kurds living in Armenia traditionally practised Islam, but During 1988-1991 the overwhelming majority of Muslim people consisting of Azeris and Muslim Kurds fled the country as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh War and the ongoing conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Approximately 1,000 Muslims live in Yerevan, and one 18th century Mosque remains open for Friday prayers. In 2009, the Pew Research Center estimated that less than 0.1% of the population, or about 1,000 people, were Muslims.

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