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Making up missed days of Ramadan is an obligation. If someone is old enough to fast but doesn’t or if they miss one or more fasts during Ramadan, he or she has to make up for those missed days later on after Ramadan has concluded. With the exception of the two days of Eid during the Islamic calendar, any day is perfect to make the intention to fast from sunrise to sunset. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha occasions are the only two days on which fasting are prohibited.

However, some Muslims commit some errors in dealing with the issue making up missed fast. Paramount of these errors is follows:

1-Persistence in the postponement of paying the debts of Ramadan. Some people continue to delay making up of missed fasts until the following Ramadan sets in. If a person delays making up fasts until Ramadaan begins, one of the following two scenarios must apply.  

– The delay is for a reason, such as being sick and the sickness lasting until the following Ramadaan begins. There is no sin on a person for delaying in this case, because he has an excuse, and he only has to make up the days missed. So he should make up the number of days that he did not fast. 

– There is no reason for the delay, such as when a person was able to make up the fasts but he did not do so before the following Ramadaan began. 

This person is sinning by failing to make up the fasts with no excuse. The imams are agreed that he must make up the fasts, but they differed as to whether along with making up the fasts he must also feed one poor person for each day or not. 

Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad said that he must feed a poor person, and they quoted as evidence for that the reports narrated from some of the Sahaabah such as Abu Hurayrah and Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them). imam Abu Hanifa however holds an opposite view.

2-observing naafil fasts before making up missed Ramadaan fasts. It must be noted here that there is a difference of opinion with regards to observing voluntary fasts before making up for missed Ramadan fasts, however what is prescribed in sharee’ah and what makes sense is to start with the obligatory fasts and then do the naafil ones, because the obligatory fast is a debt which must be paid, whereas the naafil fast is voluntary and is to be done if one can manage it, otherwise there is no sin on one.

3.-not taking intention of missed fast from the night. It is a mistake to make up a missed fast of Ramadan without taken an intention for it before dawn. This is because making up missed fasts comes under the same ruling as the original fast. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever does not intend to fast before dawn, his fast does not count.” Narrated by at-Tirmidhi. May Allah pardon all our mistakes and accepts our acts of worship.

 

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