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Zainab (may Allah be pleased with her) was the daughter of Abu Salama (may Allah be pleased with her) and the niece of the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). She was born in Medina in the year 3 A.H. Her mother was Umm Salama (may Allah be pleased with her). After the death of Abu Salama bin Abdul Asad Al-Makhzoomi (may Allah be pleased with him), Umm Salama was married to the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in the year 4 A.H.

Umm Salama was a very shy woman. After marriage with the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), whenever he (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to her she used to take baby Zainab in her arms and start breast feeding. Seeing her in that state, the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.) used to go back. This state of affair continued for quite some time. The Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had great affection for little Zainab, since she was his step daughter as well as niece.

When Zainab (R.A.A.) grew up, she was married to Abdullah bin Zam'a who was the nephew of Umm Salama (may Allah be pleased with her). Their marriage was blessed with six sons and three daughters. Zainab (R.A.A.) was brought up and educated by the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Therefore, she was a very cultured and learned woman. Many prominent Muslim Scholars used to learn the Islamic Jurisprudence from her . In fact, she was a well known jurist of her time. Abu Raafe' (R.A.A.) has remarked, "Whenever I have made a mention of the women jurists of Medina, I have always remembered Zainab bint Abi Salama (R.A.A.). She was pious and devoted Muslim lady and one of the most respectable companions of the Holy Prophet.

Zainab (may Allah be pleased with her) has certain Ahadith. Those who narrated Ahadith through her include  Zainul Abidin (may Allah be pleased with him) and 'Urwah bin Zubair (may Allah be pleased with him).

In the year 63 A.H. Zainab (R.A.A.) faced a very shocking incident. Her two sons: Yazeed bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) and Kaseer bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) were martyred in the incident of Harrah, when Banu Umayyad's forces let loose the terror and looted Medina. When their dead bodies were brought home, she remarked, "A great calamity has befallen me. One of my sons fought in the battle and was martyred. But the other one was inactive, was slain in the house." After this incident, Zainab (R.A.A.) passed rest of her life resigned to Almighty's Will.

This valiant woman of Islam and renowned companion of the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him ) passed away in the year 64 A.H. She was buried in Al-Baqi.

Source: http://www.islamicbulletin.org/newsletters/issue_3/women.aspx

 

 

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