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Zainab (may Allah be pleased with her) was the daughter of Abu Salama (may Allah be pleased with him) and the niece of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). She was born in Medina in the year 3 A.H. Her mother was Ummu Salama (may Allah be pleased with her). After the death of  Abu Salama bin Abdul Asad Al-Makhzoomi (may Allah be pleased with him),  Ummu Salama was married to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in the year 4 A.H. Ummu Salama was a very shy woman. After marriage with the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), whenever he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to her she used to take baby Zainab in her arms and start breast feeding. Seeing her in that state, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to go back. This state of affair continued for quite some time. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) had great affection for little Zainab, since she was his step daughter as well as niece.

When  Zainab (may Allah be pleased with her) grew up, she was married to Abdullah bin Zam'a who was the nephew of Umm Salama (may Allah be pleased with him). Their marriage was blessed with six sons and three daughters.  Zainab (may Allah be pleased with him) was brought up and educated by the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), therefore, she was a very cultured and learned woman. Many prominent Muslim Scholars used to learn from her the Islamic Jurisprudence. In fact, she was a well - known jurist of her time.  Abu Raafe' (may Allah be pleased with him) has remarked, "Whenever I have made a mention of the women jurists of Medina, I have always remembered Zainab bint Abu Salama (may Allah be pleased with her). She was pious and devoted Muslim lady and one of the most respectable companions of the Holy Prophet.

 Zainab (may Allah be pleased with her) has also certain Ahadith. Those who have quoted Ahadith through her, include  Zainul Abedin (may Allah be pleased with) and 'Urwah bin Zubair (may Allah be pleased with him).

In the year 63 A.H.  Zainab (may Allah be pleased with him) faced a very shocking incident. Her two sons: Yazeed bin Abdullah and Kaseer bin Abdullah  were martyred in the incident of Hirrah, when Banu Umayyad's forces let loose the terror and looted the Medina. When their dead bodies were brought home, she remarked, "A great calamity has befallen me. One of my sons fought in the battle and was martyred. But the other one was inactive, was slain in the house." After this incident, Zainab (may Allah be pleased with him) passed rest of her life resigned to The Almighty's Will.

This valiant woman of Islam and renowned companion of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed away in the year 64 A.H. She was buried in  Baqi in Madinah.

http://www.islamicbulletin.org/newsletters/issue_3/women.aspx

 

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