Prayer Time

  |      |      |   The Message of Islam:

All praises and thanks are due and belong to Allah Alone without associate nor partner. I implore His special salutations upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad, his family and all companions. To proceed:

The Divinity of Allah forms the core and the most important aspect of Islamic monotheism. Due to it all messengers were sent and through it salvation is assured both in this world and the hereafter. It is also the type of tawheed (oneness of Allah) wherein many have deviated and went astray. Due to its important, the scholars of the saved sect (Ahlus-Suunah) took much pain to detailedly explain it in the context of the Glorious Qur’an and the sunnah. Among such great scholars and imams is Imam Abu Hanifa the founder of the Hanafiyya School of Islamic thought. His sayings on the Divinity of Allah are so enormous that they could hardly be presented in this article, but a brief and concise presentation of them shall be made in the following sentences.

Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullaah) said: "It is not befitting for anyone to call upon Him (Allah), except through Him and with the supplication that He has permitted and ordered, that which is instructed in His statement:

وَلِلَّهِ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ فَٱدْعُوهُ بِهَا ۖ وَذَرُوا۟ ٱلَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِىٓ أَسْمَٰٓئِهِۦ ۚ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ

"And Allah has Beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them, and leave the company of those who deviate concerning His Names. They will be recompensed for what they used to do." (al-Araf 7/180)." (ad-Durru'l-Mukhtaar ma'a Haashiyah Raddu'l-Muhtaar, 6/396-397)

Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullaah) said: "It is detested for the supplicator to say: I ask You (Allah) by the right of so and so, or. By the right of Your Prophets and Messengers, and by the right of the Sacred House and the Sacred Sanctuary." (Sharhu'l-Aqidatu't-Tahawiyyah, 234; Ithaafu's-Saadaatu'l-Mustaqim, 2/285; All al-Qari, Sharhu'l Fiqhi'l-Akbar, 198)

Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullaah) said: "It is not befitting for anyone to call upon Allah, except by Him, and it is even more detestable for him to say: By the junctures of Honour from your Throne^ or By the Right of Your Creation." (al-Fiqhu'l-Absat, 56)

Imam Abu Hanifah said: "And Allah (Jalla Jalaluhu) is called upon upwards, and not downwards, because downwards is not a quality of Rububiyyah (Lordship) and Uluhiyyah (Divinity) in anything." (al-Fiqhu'l-Absat, 51)



Imam Abu Hanifah said: "And the progeny of Adam came out of his loins looking like specks. So He made them intelligent and spoke to them and commanded them with Iman and prohibited them from disbelief. So they affirmed Rububiyyah (Lordship) for Him, so that was Iman from them, so that was the fitrah that they were born upon. And whosoever disbelieved with disbelief after that, then indeed he changed and became altered. And whomsoever believed and attested, then indeed he became firm and remained established." (al-Fiqhu'l-Akbar, 302)



Imam Abu Hanifah said: "No one from amongst His creation is compelled to disbelieve, nor to have faith. Rather, He created them individually, and Iman and Kufr are the actions of the servants. And Allah (Jalla Jalaluhu) knows the one who disbelieves as a disbeliever during his condition of disbelief, so when he believes after that, then He knows him as a believer, and He loves the one whom He knows to change." (al-Fiqhu'l-Akbar, 303)



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