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The pious predecessors realized the priority and excellence of the illustrious companions(sahaaba) and they clarify this and rebuff the allegations of those who seek their demeanor. Ibn umar( may Allah be please with them both) said: “ do not abuse the companions of Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for the reward of one of them ( for a good deed done ) in an hour is better than the deeds of one of you for an entire lifespan.” Reported by Ahmad.

A man came to Abdulla Ibn Mubaarak and asked him: Muaawiya and Umar Ibn Abdul-Aziz who is better? He said: “the dust that enters the nose of MuaĜ·awiya while he is in the company of the Messenger of Allah-(may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)-is better than Umar ibn Abdul-Aziz” reported by Ibn Asaakir.

A man said to Imam Abi Zur'ah (may Allah have mercy on him):” oh! Abu Zur’ah, I hate Mua'awiya.  He (Imam Abu Zur’ah) asked: “why”? the man said: “ because he fought Ali. Abu Zur’ah said: the Lord of Mua'awiya is a very Compassionate Lord and the opponent of Muaawiya ( that is Ali) is a very generous man, so what makes you to enter in-between both of them ?-(may Allah be pleased with both).

Imam Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “ if you see a man who speaks ill of the companions of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) accuse his Islam [( thus accuse him of hypocrisy or disbelief), commentary of Usul I’tiqaad Allaalakaa’I 7/1252).

He said again: “ it is not allowed for one to speak ill of the companions nor mention something of their weakness and whoever does that it becomes incumbent on the leader of the Muslim state to inflict on him a disciplinary punishment, and must not be forgiven. He should be punished and made to repent. If he repents, it should be accepted of him and if he returns to the same act, he should be punished again and imprisoned till he dies or returns (in repentance). (As-Sarim Al-Masluul 3/1057)

Bishr Ibn Al-haarith-may have mercy on him-said: “he who insults the companions of the Messenger of Allah has disbelieved even if he prays and fasts and claims he is a Muslim{ reported by Ibn Batta in Al-Ibaada 162}. Imam Abu Zur’ah (may Allah have mercy on him): “ if you see anyone who demeans the illustrious sahaaba in the sight of people, then be aware that he is a zindiq (a heretic), and that is because the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) spoke the truth and the Glorious Qur’an is the truth and those who served as the medium for the conveyance of this Qur’an and the Sunna to us are the illustrious sahaaba, hence, they want to slander or defame our witness(the sahaaba) in order to invalidate the Qur’an and the Sunnah and hence, they must be reviled (as apostate) for surely they are the heretics”( The History of Bagdad 38/132 and Kifaaya /97)

As-Sarakhsi (may Allah have mercy on him) said on the sahaaba: “whoever defiles them is an infidel who makes accusations against Islam, his cure is the sword if he does not repent”{ Usuul As-Sarakhsi 2/134}

Imam Muhammad Ibn Subeeh Ibn Assamaak-may Allah have mercy on him-said concerning one who abuses the sahaaba: “you know that the Jews do not abuse the disciples of Musah(alaihis-salaam), and that the disciples of Jesus do not also abuse Jesus(alaihi salaam) so why do you abuse the companions of the Prophet Muhammad(may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) Oh! You ignorant fellow? If you were concern about your sins you would have fear of your Lord, and your pre-occupation with your sins would have suffice of talking about the evil doers let alone the good doers. If you were among the good doers you wouldn’t have concern yourself with talking about evil doers and you would have hoped the mercy of the most merciful for them, but you are among the evil doers and hence, you find faults with the martyrs and the righteous (meaning the sahaaba). Oh you who find faults with the companions of the Messenger of Allah-May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him-if you eat throughout your day times and sleep throughout your nights it would have been better for you than fasting in your day times and praying at your nights while saying evil about the companions of the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). woe unto you, you neither fast in the day nor pray at night and yet you speak ill of the righteous ones beware of what has no any glad tidings if you do not repent…(reported by Al-Mu’aafi in Jalees As-Saalih 2/392)

Ibn As-Salaah-may Allah have mercy on him-said: “ All Muslims agreed on the trustworthiness of all the sahaaba including those who partake in the trial( between Ali and Muaawiya may Allah be please with all of them), and this is also the consensus of the scholars whose opinions are regarded in the consensus of scholars” {introduction of Ibn Salaah/428)

 

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