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Makkah Tower Prophet Alhamdulillaah Muharram Muharram 2 Muharram 3 Ashura 12 Months Good Advice Sincerity 5

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All praises and glorifications are due and belong only to Allah, The Sole Creator of all that exist. He alternate between day and night in order to bring closer the Day the content of the hearts shall be expose. I seek His special salutations and choicest benedictions upon the Prophet whose Sunnah (tradition) serves as the perfect module of guidance for such of his followers who want to attain proximity to Allah. May Allah’s peace be upon him, his family, companions and all followers

Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram. On this day the Prophet Muhammad (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) fasted in Makkah with the Quraish. When He migrated to the holy city of Madinah, he found the Jews fasting on this day. He continued fasting on that day and ordered the Muslims to fast too. Afterward Allah legislated the fasting during the Month of Ramadan. Then, the fast of 'Ashura became a supererogatory fast. But it is desirable for a Muslim to fast on this day. If one fasts on this day, it is better to fast the 9th of Muharram also to oppose the way of the Jews as is always the spirit of the teachings of Islam in situations where a common act is practiced by both adherents of Islam and the people of the Book. This is to make Muslims unique in all acts of devotion and ideals.

With regards to the textual validity and legality of fasting on the day of Ashura, numerous prophetic traditions were reported , but suffices us for the sake of brevity the tradition narrated by Ibn'Abbas (Allaah be pleased with both of them) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) arrived in Medina and found the Jews observing fast on the day of 'Ashura. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to them: What is the (significance) of this day that you observe fast on it? They said: It is the day of great (significance) when Allaah delivered Moses and his people, and drowned the Pharaoh and his people, and Moses observed fast out of gratitude and we also observe it. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: We have more right, and we have a closer connection with Moses than you have; so Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed fast (on the day of 'Ashura), and gave orders that it should be observed.” [al-Bukhari and Muslim].This is the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) regarding 'Ashura. His Companions and their followers went on this way. They have not distinguished this day by any practice except fasting. 


Anti-Islamic practices on Ashura.
Many acts done by some ignorant Muslims and some deviated sects who "deform the face of Islam" have no evidence from Qur'an and Hadith. These acts include celebrating on this day, slapping one's face, tearing of one's clothes, using swords and blood-shedding. None of these acts has any authentic relevance to 'Ashura, but are among the innovations and bad deeds. The enemies of Islam use them to misrepresent Islam.

Infact Much confusion surrounds this day. Some Muslims treat this occasion as a day of celebration and joy, and a time where special dishes are prepared. Conversely, the Shi’ites spend the very same day, beating and injuring themselves, and marking it as a day of sadness and mourning. The Shi’ites deduced this un-Islamic practices on the day of Ashura from the coincidental murder of Husain Ibn Ali (may Allah be pleased with them both and all family of the Prophet) on the 10th of Muharram which falls on the day of Ashura in the year 61 A.H

The Innovation (Bid`ah) of Commemorating `Ashura as a Day of Mourning. Undoubtedly the murder of the grandson of the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was a sad incident in Islamic history. However, he was not the first to be martyred; rather, he was preceded by many great companions who were also killed unjustly, including `Umar Ibn Khattaab, Uthman Ibn Affaan, Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (Husain’s own father), al-Hassan Ibn Ali (may Allah be pleased with all of them).

Keeping in mind that most of the anti-islamic practices done on the day of Ashura are perpetrated by the Shi’ites under the pretest of mourning Husain Ibn Ali (may Allah be pleased with them both), there will be the need to take a step further in bringing out the historic truth with regards to the incident.

After the death of Ali b. Abi TAlib (radi Allahu anhu), some of the companions pledged allegiance to al-Hasan (radi Allahu anhu), regarding whom the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “This son of mine is a chief, and Allah will make peace between two large groups of Muslims through him.” [al-BukhAri].

After a short period he was also martyred, and some tribes mostly in the city of Kufa wrote to his brother al-Husayn (radi Allahu anhu) promising him support and allegiance if he was to come to them at Kufa. Ibn `Abbas and Ibn `Umar (radi Allahu anhumA) both advised al-Husayn against accepting their invitation, as they felt that the people inviting him were treacherous and untrustworthy.

Al-Husayn (radi Allahu anhu) relying on the words of the Kufans set out for the city with his family and followers. On the way he was deserted by his followers and betrayed by the Kufans. Consequently, he was left with a small band consisting of his family members and friends (a total of 72 people) in the middle of the sandy desert of Karbala fighting against the governor of Kufa, `Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad, and his troops of more than 4000 men. The entire group was massacred on the 10th of Muharram.

It was after this incident that the Shi’ites, who considered Al-Husayn (radi Allahu anhu) as the third Imam and rightful successor of the Prophet according to their belief, began to take this day as a day of grief and sadness, mourning the fact that they were not present at the battle to fight and save al-Husayn and his family.

 

The Innovation of Showing Joy and Happiness During This Day:

 To counteract the extreme position of the Shi`ites, another extreme group called “the Nawaasib” took this day as a day of happiness. The Nawaasibs, which consisted mainly of the Khawaarij, held animosity against al-Husayn (radi Allahu anhu) and the Ahle al-Bayt. They celebrated this day by wearing new clothes, cooking special food and spending extra money on their family.

 

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