Prayer Time

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Praises and thanks are to Allah and may His peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad, his household and companions.

 A Sahaabee (Companion) is anyone that met the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while believing in him, and died upon that condition. The Companions (Sahaabah) of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) are the best of all those that accompanied the prophets, due to the statement of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “The best of people are my Companions.” Al-Bukhaaree and others have reported this hadeeth. The noble status of the sahaaba occupies an outstanding status in the Islamic faith, as affirming their virtues and nobility culminate into believing Allah and His Prophet who declared their virtues, and believing in the words of Allah and the authentic sayings of the Prophet Muhammad occupies a central position in Islam, hence, this topic is mostly found in the books of Islamic faith (Aqeedah) and chapters of Aqeeda in the books of hadith. The following shall be a brief presentation of the virtues of these noble and lofty companions who were specially selected by Allah Himself to be the first to receive His message from His beloved Messenger and serve as mediums of conveying them to the rest of mankind. Indeed the universality of the Islamic message wouldn’t have been achieved hadn’t not been through them.

Sayings of Prophet Mohammed (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) about his companions (the Sahabah)

1-"Do not abuse my Companions, for if any of you were to spend gold equal to (mountain of) Uhud in charity, it would not equal a handful of one of them or even half of that" [Bukhari, Muslim]

 "Whoever abuses my Companions, upon them is the curse of Allah, the angels and all the people"[Tabaranee].

 2-The sign of faith is love of the Ansar and the sign of hypocrisy is the hatred of Ansar" [Bukhari, Muslim].

3-"My Sahabah are like stars, You will be rightly guided by following any one of them" [Razeen, Jam'ul Fawaaid]

 The above shows the collective excellence, merits and unsurpassable virtues of the sahaaba, there are however some traditions that specifically pointed to the merits of many of them individually. Among such are the following as reported in the chapter of fadaa’il sahaaba(virtues of the sahaaba) in sahih Muslim:

 

Virtues of Abubakar Siddeeq (Allah be pleased with him)

1-Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: If I were to choose from my Umma anyone as my bosom friend, I would have chosen Abu Bakr.

 

2-Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Who amongst you is observing fast this day? Abu Bake said: It is I. He (again) said: Who amongst you has followed the bier today? Abu Bakr said: It is I. He (the Holy Prophet) again said: Who amongst you has served food to the needy? Abu Bakr said: It is I. He (again) said: Who amongst you has today visited the sick? Abu Bakr said: It is I. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He must get into Paradise who combines in himself (all these noble qualities and virtues).

 

 Virtues of Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (Allah be pleased with him)

1-Abu Sa’id Khudri reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as say ing: While I was asleep I saw people being presented to me (in a dream) and they wore shirts and some of these reached up to the breasts and some even beyond them. Then there happened to pass ‘Umar b. Khattab and his shirt had been trailing. They said: Allah’s Messeneer, how do you interpret the dream? He said: (As strength of) faith.

2-Sa’d b. Waqqas reported that Umar sought permission from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) to visit him when some women of the Quraish were busy in talking with him and raising their voices above his Voiee. When’Umar sought permission they stood up and went hurriedly behind the curtain. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave him permission smilingly. Thereupon ‘Umar said: Allah’s Messenger, may Allah keep you happy all your life. Then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I wonder at these women who were with me and no sooner did they hear your voice, they immediately went behind the curtain. Thereupon ‘Umar said: Allah’s Messenger, you have more right that they should fear you. Then Umar (addressing the women) said: O ye enemies of yourselves, do you fear me and fear not the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)? They said: Yes, you are harsh and strict as compared to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). Thereupon, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if satan would encounter you in the way he would certainly take a different way from that of yours.

 

Virtues of Uthman Ibn Affaan (Allah be pleased with him)

A’isha reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) was lying in the bed in my apartment with his thigh or his shank uncovered that Abu Bakr sought permission to get in. It was given to him and he conversed in the same very state (the Prophet’s thigh or shank uncovered). Then ‘Umar sought permission for getting in and it was given to him and he conversed in that very state. Then ‘Uthman sought permission for getting in; Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) sat down and he set right his clothes. Muhammad (one of the narrators) said: I do not say that it happened on the same day. He (‘Uthman) then entered and conversed and as he went out, A’isha said: Abu Bakr entered aind you did not stir and did not observe much care (in arranging your clothes), then ‘Umar entered and you did not stir and did not arrange your clothes, then ‘Uthman entered and you got up and set your clothes right, thereupon he said: Should I not show modesty to one whom even the Angels show modesty.

Virtues of  Ali b. Abi Talib (Allah be pleased with him)

 Suhail reported on the authority of Abu Huraira that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said on the Day of Khaibar: I shall certainly give this standard in the hand of one who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah will grant victory at his hand. Umar b. Khattab said: Never did I cherish for leadership but on that day. I came before him with the hope that I may be called for this, but Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) called ‘Ali b. Abu Talib and he conferred (this honour) upon him and said: Proceed on and do not look about until Allah grants you victory, and ‘Ali went a bit and then halted and did not look about and then said in a loud voice: Allah’s Messenger, on what issue should I fight with the people? Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: Fight with them until they bear testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his Messenger, and when they do that then their blood and their riches are inviolable from your hands but what is justified by law and their reckoning is with Allah.

 In conclusion, it is very important to know that love of the sahaaba and ascribing to them their deserved merits is part of faith. One must adopt the right attitude towards them and must refrained from engaging in ill talks concerning them. the path of the righteious predecessors must be threaded in this regard as mentioned by sheikh Abdul Muhsin in his book:{ the creed of the ahlu-sunna concerning the companions)

 ““The madh-hab of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah concerning the Companions is that of moderateness between the two ends of extremism and heedlessness. It is moderateness amidst the extremist fanatics who elevate the esteemed ones amongst them to a level that is only befitting for Allaah or for His messengers and moderateness amidst the heedless and harsh ones who belittle and revile them. So they are in the middle between those who are excessive and those who fall short – they love all of them and put each one of them in the due place that they deserve, with fairness and justice. So they do not elevate them to a level they don’t deserve, nor do they belittle them, taking away what they are worthy of. Their tongues are moist with mentioning them only in good, according to what is befitting for them. And their hearts are filled with love for them.“

 And whatever disputes and differences that occurred between (some of) them, that can be authentically confirmed, we hold that they were Mujtahideen in that regard – either they were correct and will receive one reward for their Ijtihaad and one reward for being correct, or they were wrong and will receive just one reward for their Ijtihaad while their error will be forgiven. They were not infallible since they were human beings. At times they were correct and at times they erred. But how much more were they correct as compared to others being correct, and how fewer were their errors as compared to the errors of others? And on top of this, they will receive Allaah’s forgiveness and contentment.”

In the book Al-Aqeedat-Al-Waasitiyyah, one of the most profound books of Islamic creed, the author; Sheikh Al- Islam Ibn Taimiyya wrote on the merits of the sahaaba and said: “one who read their biographies with understanding and insight shall come to know that these are the best among humans after the Prophets. Neither there has been anyone like them nor will there be. Among all the periods of this Ummah which is the best among all the other Ummah, and most honorable with Allah these are the pious men of Allah.” {sharh Al-Aqeedat-Al-Waasitiyyah, pp: 209)

 Also in the creed of Ibn Abi Zayd Al-Qayrawaani, the author whilst enumerating the creed of” save sect”{the Ahlus-Sunna wal-jamma’ah) mentioned that: “ it is also required to believe that the best of all generations (in virtue) are those who saw the Messenger of Allah and believed in him, then( the next best generation) are those who followed them. the best of all the companions of the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) are the Righly Guided Khalifahs: Abu Bakar Al-Siddeeq, Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab, Uthman Ibn Affaan and Ali Ibn Abi Taalib {may Allah be please with them all}. The merits of the sahaaba are mentioned in many other books of Islamic Aqeeda such as Aqeedat- At-Tahaawi and the rest, the above is however sufficient for the sake of brevity. May Allah’s pleasure be upon all the companions of our beloved Prophet of Islam and all his pure family. Ameen.

 

 

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