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 The principle of debating with people of other religions is regulated by rules and regulations in Islam. This includes all forms of debate, whether in the form of meetings between individuals, groups, governments, institutions or official associations, conferences, seminars, forums or letters. or so, directly or indirectly. Below is an overview of some of these rules:

-   The debater must have a strong and firm faith so that he is not easily fooled or misled by misguided suspicions. Allah Almighty says:

"وَلَوْلَا أَن ثَبَّتْنَاكَ لَقَدْ كِدتَّ تَرْكَنُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئًا قَلِيلًا" (الإسراء: 74)


Translation:"And if We had not strengthened you, you would have almost inclined to them a little." (17:74)


-      Also, the Muslim debater must be sufficiently aware and knowledgeable of his religion in order to provide quick answers, replies and sufficient evidences. Simple personal mistakes may result in counterproductive.


-      The necessity of confronting non-Muslims with the truth of allegiance and friendship. Allah Almighty says:





"يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَوَلَّوْا قَوْمًا غَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَدْ يَئِسُوا مِنَ الْآخِرَةِ كَمَا يَئِسَ الْكُفَّارُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْقُبُورِ" (الممتحنة: 13)


Translation: " O you who believe! do not make friends with a people with whom Allah is wroth; indeed they despair of the hereafter as the unbelievers despair of those in tombs." (60:13)





The legality of debating non-Muslims is not at all inconsistent with the prohibition of establishing friendship with them, because debate is an explicit act while allegiance and affection are implicit acts; nevertheless, they are not specific to Muslims, but all religious people on earth have this origin in dealing with people of other religions, and instinct and mind support it.







-      Justice and honesty are necessary during the debate. The debater must avoid lying, deceiving or accusing them of false accusations, for Allah says:




لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ") الممتحنة: 8)


Translation: "Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly." (60:8)





-      Finally, debating with non-Muslims should not be a means of presenting their false doctrines, without clarifying their deviations that contradict the Islamic faith.



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