Prayer Time

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 Many of Andalusian women were specialize in transcribing the Holy Qur'an in wonderful fonts as appropriate with the book of Allah effectively, which contributed to calling to Islam and spreading it throughout the world. They were also superior to many men in this specialization, at a time when the world did not know printers.

In this regard, Dr. Anwar Zanati, Professor of Islamic History at Ain Shams University said in an article published in the Saudi magazine "Al Bayan" that women of Andalusia were doing that so that they could draw closer to Allah. They competed with many of the famous calligraphers and men scribes in transcribing and decorating the Qur'an, and thus they greatly contributed to serving the Qur'an

Zenati quoted the Spanish orientalist Julian Ribera 1858-1934 as having said: "There were hundreds of them working in transcribing the Qur'an and books of prayers and supplications. Bookmen were commonly selling their copies because they were cleaner, clearer, better in font and writing, as well as cheaper than copies of men.

On the eastern side of Cordoba were about one hundred and seventy women transcribing the Qur'an in Kufic font, while in the rest of Cordoba there were a large number of women transcribing it with exquisite fonts.

In this regard, Imam Ibn Hazm recognized their efforts in many sciences and skills. He said that they formed an important part of his personality and thought: "They have taught me the Qur'an, dictated to me many poems and trained me on the fonts of writing". He added: "among them, they were speakers, doctors, cuppers, brokers, hairdressers, teachers and textile workers".

The professor of Islamic history at Ain Shams University cited some examples of these women, who were famous for their work, such as "Al-Nadhar" the concubine of the Caliph Al-Hakam Al-Mustansir. She was a poet and a calligrapher. There was also "Aliyah Bin Ali Bin Nafie Zriab". She lived long after her sister "Hamdouna" as well as she was the last living person of her family.

He added: one of the most famous, best women of the Umayyad Period was called "Al Baha' ". She was famous for worshiping and transcribing the Qur'an, then endowing the copies to mosques.

There is also Khadija bint Jafar bin Nusair bin Tamar Tamimi, the wife of Abdullah bin Assad al-Faqih. She wrote and endowed many of her own books.

Among them was "Maznah", who was a writer of the Caliph al-Nasir Ladin Allah, and was one of the most famous scribes of the Holy Qur'an and Arabic calligraphy. In the palaces of the Andalusian caliphs, "Lubna Bint Abdul Mawla" was known as the author of the ruler "Al Mustansir". She was a participant in science and literature with noble ethics. She was creative in transcribing the Qur'an and in the art of calligraphy.

Aisha bint Ahmed al-Qurtubiya was ِone of the poets and calligraphers. She did so to draw closer to Allah, because this work is closely related to the Qur'anic text. Also, because it is the means that preserved the Quran up today. She was also famous for collecting books and was eloquent as well. She was eloquently praising kings of that time and asking them what she needed.

Zanati pointed out that Aisha al-Qurtubiya devoted her money, status and knowledge to serve the society, thus her intercession was never refused. She had many good characteristics. She was good in the calligraphy of the Qur'an and other books. She was gathering books and taking care of science. She died a virgin in 400 AH, because she had devoted herself to charity work.




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