Prayer Time

  |      |      |   The Message of Islam:

Al-Targheeb ( Exhortation or encouragement): It is all that the invitee is wishing to submit to and to accept the invitation, and to insist on the right. The bases of it:  he must be in request of Allah's pleasure and forgiveness, and wishing to attain great reward in the two abodes.  In the course of the method of exhortation, explanation of the bliss, which is prepared by Allah to those who believe from among them must be made. One preaching to non-Muslims must make clear to them what Allah has prepared for those who believe and follow the path of guidance says the most High:

وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَٱتَّقَوْا۟ لَكَفَّرْنَا عَنْهُمْ سَيِّـَٔاتِهِمْ وَلَأَدْخَلْنَٰهُمْ جَنَّٰتِ ٱلنَّعِيمِ

Had the People of the Scriputure believed and been righteous, We would have remitted their sins, and admitted them into the Gardens of Bliss (Al-Maa’ida:65)

This method represents the call of the Prophet - peace and blessings be upon him - to the Christians and others, when he wrote a letter  to the king of Egypt and said: peace and blessings be upon him: " submit (to Allah in Islam) and your will be save, Allah will reward you two times” [6] . As for frightening, it is all that frightens the invitee from (his) lack of steadfastness on the truth and paying attention to it, and not following Allah's commands. [7]

And the root of the method of frightening: is to be frighten with the consequences of evil because they invite the wrath of Allah; the most High and the inviter must resort to Allah  in frightening the invitee from his not bowing to the right or his abstinence from adhering to it though he acknowledges it, and just as Allah is Forgiving, Merciful, the Almighty is severe in punishment for those who disobeys Him. the most High said:

ٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلْعِقَابِ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Know that God is severe in retribution, and that God is Forgiving and Merciful.(Al-Maa’ida, 98) The one who invites towards Allah Almighty moves with his wisdom to the method of frightening relying  on what was stated in the Qur’an with (regards to) Christians and others, where the reprisals came because they did not respond to the truth, the most High said:

يَٰٓأَهْلَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ لِمَ تَكْفُرُونَ بِـَٔايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ وَأَنتُمْ تَشْهَدُونَ

O People of the Book! Why do you reject the revelations of God, even as you witness?(Al-Imran: 70). And there came a reprisal for their lack of adherence to the truth in the words of the most High:

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا۟ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ ءَامِنُوا۟ بِمَا نَزَّلْنَا مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا مَعَكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّطْمِسَ وُجُوهًا فَنَرُدَّهَا عَلَىٰٓ أَدْبَارِهَآ أَوْ نَلْعَنَهُمْ كَمَا لَعَنَّآ أَصْحَٰبَ ٱلسَّبْتِ ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ ٱللَّهِ مَفْعُولًا

O you who were given the Book! Believe in what We sent down, confirming what you have, before We obliterate faces and turn them inside out, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers. The command of God is always done.(An-Nisaa:47). In addition, Allah the most glorified addressed the Christians on the tongue of Jesus-peace be upon him-, and the most High said:

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓا۟ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلْمَسِيحُ ٱبْنُ مَرْيَمَ ۖ وَقَالَ ٱلْمَسِيحُ يَٰبَنِىٓ إِسْرَٰٓءِيلَ ٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّى وَرَبَّكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُۥ مَن يُشْرِكْ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ ٱلْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَىٰهُ ٱلنَّارُ ۖ وَمَا لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ مِنْ أَنصَارٍ

They disbelieve those who say, "God is the Messiah the son of Mary." But the Messiah himself said, "O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord. Whoever associates others with God, God has forbidden him Paradise, and his dwelling is the Fire. The wrongdoers have no saviors."(Al-Maa’ida:72)

 Again, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used the method of frightening with non-Muslims. He said:

By the One who has the soul of Muhammad in His Hands, none in this era, whether jew or Christian will hear of me and then  died without believing in what I was sent with except he be of the people of Hell.” [8]


Dialogue and debate are among  the methods used in calling to Allah for  persuading the invitee, removing  similarities, and the establishment of arguments and proofs on the validity of the call, and the invalidity of those beside it. Debate is not used except when needed, such as the existence of contradictions and one who (tries to ) divert (people) wrongly from the path of Allah, contrary to (the use of ) wisdom and good advice, for their legality exist and remains (all the time) [ 9] .

Debate linguistically means: countering an argument with an argument, and debating means: disputation and argumentation [10] .

Debating with which is best is such a debate in which the truth is sought after through the right procedure [11] . if the person debated with does not take benefit from good advice, and does not get affected with such that it brings him (the invitee) back to the truth, then he may need to be clarified with debating, dialogue and dispute, the Almighty said:

وَجَٰدِلْهُم بِٱلَّتِى هِىَ أَحْسَنُ

“…and debate with them in the most dignified manner (An-Nahl: 125).

Debating has rules and ethics, which the inviter must take into consideration, they include:

1-the topic of debate must be one which is permissible Islamically and mentally to be debated and argued about. Hence,  It is not permissible to argue in the self of Allah Almighty, His names and attributes. It is not permissible to argue in the verses of Allah setting them against each other, nor with what is away from us, and we have no way of knowing it and having knowledge of.

2- Preference of a text (Qur’an and the sunnah) to the mind and its thoughts.

3- The subject matter of the debate should be known and specific to the debaters. It is not befitting to argue in what one is ignorant about or what is bifurcated and unspecific.

4-The aim of the debate should be to show the truth and to eliminate the falsehood. The caller (to Islam) must read the books of the Christians to  know their ideas and beliefs to stand up to their ideas, beliefs, and reject them with what is with him of evidence, established proofs with a beautiful procedure of debating.

He should have high Islamic ethics while arguing such as polite words and respect for others, and not to challenge or ridicule people or mock them. He does not initiate attacks on followers of religions and beliefs at first and he must avoid erring the one he is debating with stultifying his views right away in the beginning. Let him (the caller to Islam) be gentle and soft in speech, for a condition to debating is that it must be in the best manner. [12] 


6-reported by Bukhari in his Sahih

7-see: the requirements of Da’wah in contemporary era by Sheikh Ali Ibn Salih Al-Murshid

8-reported by Muslim

9-the Procedures of Debating in calling Christians to Islam by Dr. Ibrahim Al-Lihaidan. Thesis for PhD degree

10-Lisaan Al-Arab

11-see: How islam spread by Mu’ayyid Al-Kailaani

12-see: ways of Da’wah pp:91-99)



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