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He is Ahmad bin Abdul-Haleem bin Abdussalaam bin Abdullah bin Taymiyyah Al-Harraanee. His kunyah (appellation) is Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and he is also referred to as Taqiy al-Din Abu al-Abbaas. He is a jurist, a scholar and a memorizer of Hadeeth as well as an interpreter of the Qur'an.


He was born on 12th Rabee' al-Awwal of 661H (23rd January 1263CE), in Harraan, south-eastern Turkey, near the border with Syria. In 667H, when Ibn Taymiyyah was six years old, his family moved to Damascus because the Tatars raided his land.


Ibn Taymiyah served Islam through his great knowledge. He was, and still, a (sign) in intelligence and in rapid comprehension, a leader in knowledge of the Qur'an, the Sunnah and differences (of opinion). He has a great heritage of the works in the creed, jurisprudence and its origins, and interpretation, and Hadeeth. He used to write from memory without copying. The number of his books was about 330 authors, many of which were collected in Majm'u Al-Fatawa (a compilation of his writings and verdicts put together ) and printed in 37 volumes.


Many Scholars have praised Ibn Taymiyyah. Al-Ḥāfidh al-Dhahabī, in his book (Tadkhirat al-Huffādh) said:

" And he was amongst the oceans of knowledge, from the limited intellectuals, the ascetics, the unique individuals, the great braves, the most generous nobles. He was praised by both the one who agreed with him and the one who differed with him and he became famous by his works, and perhaps they number three-hundred volumes..." Source

Al-Hafidh Al-Mizzi said:

"I have not seen the like of him and nor have seen the like of himself. I have not seen one more knowledgeable of the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger and more compliant to it than him."


Ibn Taymiyyah played a great role in establishing jihad against the Tartars. Also, the courage by which he fought the Mongols and the steadfastness he showed in front of them surprised everyone. He participated in the Battle of Shaqheb in 702 AH. It was a great battle between Tatars and Muslims, took place in the month of Ramadhan. In the year 705 AH, he went to fight the Rafidah with a brigade and the deputy Sultan of Sham.


Ibn Taymiyyah has encountered many obstacles in his way, and was put through many trials throughout his life including suffering from psychological and physical harm because of the envy of peers. Ibn Taymiyyah also suffered from difficult times because of prison and detention. He was imprisoned several times, imprisoned once in Egypt, exiled to Alexandria, and imprisoned in the Levant until he died in prison.



Ibn Taymiyyah also faced an obstacle that was one of the most difficult obstacles to him, which was confiscation of his books and writing tools. After Judge Abdullah bin Al-Akhani wrote a topic about visiting the graves, especially visiting the grave of the Prophet Muhammad, Ibn Taymiyyah, in prison, responded to him with a letter in which he opposed him and contradicted his opinion.The judge got angry and complained to the Sultan. The Sultan issued a decree to confiscate all of Ibn Taymiyah's books and writing tools. In Rajab in 728 AH, all his drafts and papers , whice were about sixty volumes of books and fourteen booklets, were sent from the prison to the great Adliya library. This .



Among his most famous disciples was Shams al-Din Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, who accompanied him for 16 years and was also imprisoned in the citadel separately from Ibn Taymiyyah and exited after the death of Ibn Taymiyyah. Also, Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Dhahabi, author of (Seyar A'alam Al-Nobala'). And Ismail bin Omar bin Katheer, the great interpreter of the Qur'an and the author of (Albidayat Wannihayah).


on the twentieth of Dhul-Qa'dah of the year 728 H, he passed away, and his funeral was one witnessed by many and was famous. May Allah have mercy upon him.


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