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 Ramadan is a special month for fasting and worshiping Allah. It is the month of goodness, charity, spiritual purity and love among all Muslims. In Ramadan, the companions of the Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him and his followers used to recite the glorious Qur'an, pray at night, and follow Sunan of the Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him. They were keen to purge themselves of the material things, [personal] inclination, Satanic machinations and were competing in the work of righteousness and goodness. History records that the Makki mosque and the Prophet's Mosque were full of Muslims from everywhere.

The "Rightly Guided" or Rashidun caliphs had a role in urging people to do righteous deeds. Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) was the best in charity. He was giving alms in the cause of Allah to the poor and the needy, as the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him used to did in Ramadan; he was the most generous of the men; and he was the most generous during the month of Ramadan.

The revival of days and nights of Ramadan in the era of Caliph Abu Bakr al-Siddiq continued in the same way as they were in the era of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Muslims liked to host the poor and needy to their breakfast and Suhour tables pursuant to the recommendation of the Prophet peace be upon him. They also used to revive the last ten nights of Ramadan through reading the Qur'an, praying, worshiping and performing I'tikaf inside the mosques.

As for Taraweeh prayer, it was performed as the same way during the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), i.e. Muslims were praying Taraweeh individually and not as Jama'ah ( a group) as it is today. The origin of the Taraweeh prayer in the way performed today is dating back to the era of Omar Ibn al-Khattab,i.e. He was the first to gather people to pray Taraweeh in the mosque as a group.

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