Prayer Time

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 All praise is due to Allah, and Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon His Final Messenger, his pure family, his noble Companions, and all those who follow them with righteousness until the Day of Judgment. He is the man who taught us patience and mercy in the face of adversity, and taught us to live in this world but seek eternal life in the hereafter.

The Prophet's migration from Makkah to Madinah was a great historical event, not like any event. It was a watershed separating two different phases of the Islamic Da'wah: Islam in Makkah, and Islam in Al-Madinah. The Prophet's migration changed the course of history and set examples of sacrifice, good companionship, brotherhood, patience, trust in Allah and victory. Allah made it a path for victory, pride and raise the banner of Islam. It also included many of the Prophet's miracles indicted the credibility of his prophecy.  Allah Almighty said:

"إِلَّا تَنْصُرُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَرَهُ اللَّهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَنَا فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا السُّفْلَى وَكَلِمَةُ اللَّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ" (التوبة:40) 

Translation: "If you do not aid the Prophet - Allah has already aided him when those who disbelieved had driven him out [of Makkah] as one of two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion, "Do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us." And Allah sent down his tranquillity upon him and supported him with angels you did not see and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the word of Allah - that is the highest. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise" (9:40)

 

From Makkah to the cave of Thawr

When the torture of Muslims in Makkah grew intense, Allah commanded them to migrate to Al-Madinah to establish the religion of Allah away from the persecution of Quraysh.   After that, none of the Muslims was left in Makkah except the Prophet, Abu Bakr, Ali and a few other Muslims. When Quraysh were planning to kill the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), Allah ordered him to migrate to Madinah, so he left his home on the night of the 27th of Safar, in year 14 of the Prophethood. He came to Abu Bakr's house in the afternoon, undercover as an unknown person, to tell him about Allah's permission to migrate. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, had prepared two camels for emigration and hired a man who was a mushrik (disbliever) called Abdullah ibn Ariqat (skilled and expert in roads). Abu Bakr gave him the camels and agreed with him to meet them at a cave on the mountain of Thawr after three nights. While Abu Bakr's daughters Aisha and Asma, may Allah be pleased with them, processed their goods and food, and Asma cut a piece from her waist belt and tied the mouth of the leather bag containing the food, that is why she was named Dhaat-un-Nitaaqayn (i.e. the owner of two belts). Then they left Makkah before dawn from the south, the road heading towards Yemen because the Prophet (peace be upon him) knew that Quraysh will search for them in the main road to Madinah.

 

In the cave

Quraysh followed the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and his companion; monitor the roads, and search in the mountains of Mecca, until they reached the cave of Thowr where the Prophet peace be upon him and his companion were hiding themselves. It was narrated that Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said :"I said to the Prophet (peace be upon him) while I was in the cave. "If any of them should look under his feet, he would see us." He said, "O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two (persons) the third of whom is Allah?" (Sahih al-Bukhari)

They stayed in the cave for three nights, then they came out at night and went with them Abdullah bin Ariqat (the expert guide) and Amer bin Faheera, the freed slave of Abu Bakr who was serving them.

On the other hand, Quraysh did not calm down or stop searching, rather they were motivating the people of Makkah to arrest the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and his companion or kill them. They announced the reward of "one hundred camels" for those who succeed in that.

 

Do not grieve! Verily, Allah is with us

One of the infidels could see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from afar, so he hurried to Suraqa bin Malik (one of the Companions who was disbeliever at that time) and told him. Then Suraqa rode his horse and ran to catch the Prophet and Abu Bakr, but Allah was the only Protector of them all the time.

Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him reported:

" We marched on after the sun had passed the meridian and Suraqa b. Malik pursued us and we had been walking on soft, level ground. I said: Allah's Messenger, we are about to be overtaken by them. Thereupon he said: Be not grieved. Verily, Allah is with us. Then Allah's Messenger cursed him and his horse sank into the earth. I think he also said: I know you have hurled curse upon me. So supplicate Allah for me and I take an oath that I shall turn everyone away who would come in search of you. So he (Allah's Messenger) supplicated Allah and he was rescued and he came back and to everyone he met, he said: I have combed all this side. In short, he diverted everyone whom he met and he in fact fulfilled his promise. " (Sahih Muslim)

On the narration of Suraqa, he said: "When I saw how I had been hampered from harming them, it came to my mind that the cause of Allah's Messenger (i.e. Islam) will become victorious… Then I told them all the plans the people of Makkah had made concerning them. Then I offered them some journey food and goods but they refused to take anything and did not ask for anything, but the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Do not tell others about us." (Sahih Al-Bukhari).

As Suraqa began to return, Muhammad, peace be upon him, told him that he would one day wear the bangles of Kisra, the king of Persia. After eight years of emigration, he converted to Islam. when the country of Persia was opened in the era of Omar ibn al-Khattab may Allah be pleased with him, Omar gave Suraqa the bangles of Kisra; in implementation of the the Messenger's promise, peace be upon him.

 

 

The sheep of Om Ma'bad

Another miracle that happened to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Abu Bakr on their way to Madinah: they stopped by a tent of Om Ma'bad, a woman from the desert. They ask her for any food or drink. She answered that she had nothing except a weak sheep that does not give milk. The Prophet (peace be upon him) took the sheep and wiped his ribs with his hand, and called upon Allah to bless it, then he milked it in a pot and they all drank from it.

 

The arrival to Madinah

Urwa bin Az-Zubair, may Allah be pleased with him said:

Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) met Az-Zubair in a caravan of Muslim merchants who were returning from Sham. Az-Zubair provided Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr with white clothes to wear. When the Muslims of Medina heard the news of the departure of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) from Mecca (towards Medina), they started going to the Harra every morning. They would wait for him till the heat of the noon forced them to return. One day, after waiting for a long while, they returned home, and when they went into their houses, a Jew climbed up the roof of one of the forts of his people to look for something, and he saw Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and his companions dressed in white clothes, emerging out of the desert mirage.

The Jew could not help shouting at the top of his voice, "O you 'Arabs! Here is your great man whom you have been waiting for!" So, all the Muslims rushed to their arms and received Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) on the summit of Harra. The Prophet (peace be upon him) turned with them to the right and alighted at the quarters of Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf, and this was on Monday in the month of Rabi-ul-Awal. Abu Bakr stood up, receiving the people while Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) sat down and kept silent. Some of the Ansar who came and had not seen Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) before, began greeting Abu Bakr, but when the sunshine fell on Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr came forward and shaded him with his sheet only then the people came to know Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him).

 Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) stayed with Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf for ten nights and established the mosque (mosque of Quba) which was founded on piety. Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) prayed in it and then mounted his she-camel and proceeded on, accompanied by the people till his she-camel knelt down at (the place of) the Mosque of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) at Medina. Some Muslims used to pray there in those days, and that place was a yard for drying dates belonging to Suhail and Sahl, the orphan boys who were under the guardianship of 'Asad bin Zurara. When his she-camel knelt down, Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "This place, Allah willing, will be our abiding place." Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) then called the two boys and told them to suggest a price for that yard so that he might take it as a mosque. The two boys said, "No, but we will give it as a gift, O Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) " Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) then built a mosque there. The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself started carrying unburnt bricks for its building and while doing so, he was saying "This load is better than the load of Khaibar, for it is more pious in the Sight of Allah and purer and better rewardable." He was also saying, "O Allah! The actual reward is the reward in the Hereafter, so bestow Your Mercy on the Ansar and the Emigrants." (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

 

The Prophet's migration has had great effects on Muslims, not only in the era of prophecy, but extended to include the lives of Muslims in every time and place, and its effects included humanity in general. The Islamic civilization presented and continues to present to all humans the best moral and legislative rules governing the life of individuals and societies through the biography of the Prophet peace be upon him.

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