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All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) , is His Slave and Messenger.

Security and stability are basic human needs, no less important than food and clothing. Without security and stability, a human being is not able to properly conduct his daily life, let alone come up with new ideas or contribute to the development of a high level of civilization.

The Law of Islam was sent down to Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, in its complete form as part of His final message to humanity. Islamic Law pays the most careful attention to this matter and provides a complete legal system. Consequently, it contains comprehensive principles and general rules suitable for dealing with all the problems and circumstances that life may bring in any time or place. Likewise, it has set down immutable punishments for certain crimes that are not affected by changing conditions and circumstances. In this way, Islamic Law combines between stability, flexibility, and firmness.

Political crime is an offence committed with the intent to harm the state under certain conditions. It is the process of getting a group of people impassioned to create a revolution or rebellion against their own ruler. The scholars of politics have used the term political crime for different purposes. Literally, it refers to criminal acts or omissions of the state itself, typically those against its own citizens.

But in the usage of the Fuqaha; It is an attempt of a group of people to rebel against the state. Shariah will label any behavior a political crime that is perceived as a threat to the state's authority and or continued survival, regardless of whether the threat is real or imaginary. Some examples of severe political crimes are treason, sedition and terrorism.

Political crime is dispraised in Islam because it is a form of  transgression against the welfare of the state. Islam strictly completely forbids such act. The Prophet severely warned those who engage in unlawful civil disobedience and acts of reckless and indiscriminate violence, saying that they have nothing to do with Islam and will have died a death of ignorance.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: Whoever rejects obedience to the ruler and divides the community and dies will have died upon ignorance. Whoever fights under the banner of one who is blind, raging for the sake of tribalism, or calling to tribalism, or supporting tribalism, and is killed will have died upon ignorance. Whoever rebels against my nation, striking the righteous and wicked alike and sparing not even the believers and does not fulfill the pledge of security, then he has nothing to do with me and I have nothing to do with him. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1848.

Muslims are prohibited from taking up arms against him. Uprising or violence by any group against the ruler is completely rejected in Islam, and was prohibited by the Prophet (saws) and will be a cause of death on the way of ignorance (jahiliyya). Thus Islam considers rebellion against the ruler a great iniquity. Armed and violent opposition to a state regime can never be recognized as Jihad in the way of Allah, despite the claims of many groups.

Obedience to civil laws, whether in a Muslim or non-Muslim state, is obligatory as long as we are not commanded to commit sins. If the rulers command us to commit sins or they stubbornly persist in oppression, then we must strive to reform them without resorting to violence or destabilizing civil order. Allah said:

 " يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ

" O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. "Q4:59.

However, Violence that leads to civil war almost always results in a much worse situation than the unjust ruler himself. While an unjust ruler is an evil in itself, the violence required to overthrow him is even worse.

 

 

 

 

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