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The rituals of the Hajj entail great wisdom and excellent lessons, the most important of which is a manifestation of humility to Allah The Almighty demonstrated through the recognition of His Oneness (tawheed). This is because the pilgrim leaves a life of luxury and adornment to wear the clothes of Ihram, declaring his dire need for his Lord. In this journey, he frees himself from the worldly life and its occupations that divert him from Allah The Almighty to win by this the forgiveness and mercy of Allah The Almighty. the hallmark of the aims behind Hajj legislation is to instill into Muslims the essence of monotheism, submitting and yelling to the call of Allah, and preffering it over all worldy endervors. There are supportive evidences to these facts when we take into consideration every ritual and rite of hajj. when Prophet Ibrahim and son Ismaa’eel (peace be upon them both) constructed the holy house of Ka’aba on its foundation, prophet Ibrahim was asked to call makind to it. The holy Qur’an gave the accounts of this and declared:

وَأَذِّن فِى ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ

And announce the pilgrimage to humanity. They will come to you on foot, and on every transport. They will come from every distant point.” (Al-Hajj:27)

The supplication of the pilgrims right from the meeqat ( the place pilgrims ushered themselves into the state of consecration (Ihram) commencing the rites of Hajj is tawheed. They proclaim:

(Labbaik Allah humma labbaik. Labbaik la sharika laka labbaik. Innal hamda. Wan-ni'mata. Laka walmulk
Laa sharika lak.)
O my Lord, here I am at Your service, here I am. There is no partner with You, here I am. Truly the praise and the provisions are Yours, and so is the dominion and sovereignty. There is no partner with You.”

After reciting these words throughout the hajj journey, does it befit that one returns home and still submits him/herself to other creatures , seeking the fulfillment of his worldly needs? Were we as Muslims to conceived the divine wisdoms behind the legislation of hajj, it alone would have been enough to lead us to the highly anticipated Islamic renaissance we all hope and pray for, but Alas! Many are those who take no lessons from the injunctions of this great religion. People return home and go back to their old ways of lives, seeking the help of soothsayers, fortune tellers and graves of people they assume pious.may Allah save all of us!

Hajj was also legislated to be a universal conference for the servants of Allah from all walks of life; the rich, the poor, servants and masters, rulers and the ruled and whites and blacks.  This spiritual conference eliminate the ailments of racism, tribalism and nationalism; problems that has driven even the most sophisticated nations of our world today into a whirlpool of chaos due to the ineffective systems they kept in place to curb such problems especially racism. In short, the hajj ritual eliminates all differences and distinctions (i.e. the differences of wealth and poverty, race and color, and the differences of tongues and languages). The gathering unifies all humans, making it full of goodness, blessings, mutual consultation, advice and cooperation in righteousness and support.

The hajj legislation teaches penetration through this material world with spiritual armaments. During the Hajj, people cooperate in righteousness and piety, advise each other to adhere to the truth and patience and take care of the interests of the Ummah (Muslim nation). The sublime aim behind such a great conference and gathering is to link worldly goals to heavenly ones. Hajj leads to precious memories which instill in souls the spirit of endless and complete servitude and submission to the commands of Allah The Almighty and His Sharee‘ah (the revealed laws of Islam).

The legislation of hajj also reminds us of the great and sincere efforts carried out by the servants of Allah and how Allah accepted their efforts and made them to be remembered even after thousands of years, telling us that so shall Allah accepts our effort for this religion and leaves our name to be remembered by the later generations. All pilgrims go to circumambulate around the ka’aba as was done by Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham)-peace be upon him and all the prophets that came after him. Pilgrims proceed to briskly walk in-between the two mounts of Safa and Marwa as an act of worship to Allah in commemoration of Hajar the mother of Prophet Isma’eel (Ishmael); the second wife of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon them all)

The miraculous pool of Zamzam also reminds of the rewards of efforts made for the pleasure of Allah demonstrated by Hajar and her suckling son Isma’eel (peace be upon him). At the Ka‘bah, the father of the Prophets, Ibraaheem (Abraham), may Allah exalt his mention, stopped his camel along with his wife Haajar and Ismaa‘eel (Ishmael), may Allah exalt his mention. Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with him, in a long Hadeeth (narration) in which the Messenger of Allah, Description:  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said:

“Ibraaheem brought her (Haajar) and her son Ismaa‘eel while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka‘bah under a tree on the spot of Zamzam, at the highest place in the mosque. During those days there was nobody in Makkah, nor was there any water. So he made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some water. Then Ibraaheem, may Allah exalt his mention, set out homeward. Ismaa‘eel’s mother followed him saying, "O Ibraaheem! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?" She repeated the question to him many times, but he did not look back at her. Then she asked him, "Has Allah ordered you to do so?" He said, "Yes." She said, "Then He will not fail us," and returned while Ibraaheem proceeded onwards, and on reaching the Thaniyyat Al-Wadaa‘ where they could not see him.   There he faced the Ka‘bah, and raising both hands, invoked Allah The Almighty saying the following prayers:

 

رَّبَّنَآ إِنِّىٓ أَسْكَنتُ مِن ذُرِّيَّتِى بِوَادٍ غَيْرِ ذِى زَرْعٍ عِندَ بَيْتِكَ ٱلْمُحَرَّمِ رَبَّنَا لِيُقِيمُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ فَٱجْعَلْ أَفْـِٔدَةً مِّنَ ٱلنَّاسِ تَهْوِىٓ إِلَيْهِمْ وَٱرْزُقْهُم مِّنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَشْكُرُونَ

{Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.} [Quran 14: 37]

There, in this barren desert, the spring of Zamzam gushed out from under the feet of Ismaa‘eel, may Allah exalt his mention. This water was a miracle for him and his mother so that people may learn. This small family became the nucleus of life and prosperity in this place. It brought to the desert of the Arabian Peninsula the honor of prophethood and the Divine message. Those who submitted in this way to the commands of Allah The Almighty truly deserved to be gifted with such an honor and establish the House, towards which the hearts of the people of faith incline spontaneously.

Were we also to give our best services for Islam and towards the establishment of Allah’s supremacy, the same way Allah would bless us and exalt our mention both in this world and hereafter. the holy Qur’an declared after enumerating the stories of the pious and how they were blessed:

كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِى ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ

Thus We reward the doers of good.” (As-Saafaat:110).

 Thus those who came after these prophets and messengers and also made effort in the cause of Allah shall be blessed as they were. All these and many others were the reasons for the legislation of hajj,  so is there any who will take lessons?

 

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