Prayer Time

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The Prophet, peace be upon him ordered the multitude recitation of Tahleel(laa ilaaha illa llaahu), At-Takbeer( Allahu Akbar) and at-Tahmeed(Alhamdulillah) other than them of the various acts of worship, showing that they are the most deserving acts of worship during these ten days.

The predecessors of this nation may Allah be please with them realized this and used to remember Allah right from the entry of the ten days, and they do that openly in their homes, mosques, markets and their places of work and they remember Allah in every condition.

It is reported in sahih Bukhari that Ibn Umar and Abu Huraira(may Allah be please with them) used to go to the market during the ten days exclaiming the greatness of Allah( Allahu Akbar) and people will start doing as they do”, also it is found in it that “Umar (may Allah be please with him) used to do takbeer in his canopy at Mina which is heard by those in the Mosque and they also start doing takbeer and those in the markets will also do takbeer until the whole of mina will be filled with takbeer(magnification of Allah), and the traditions on this are numerous.

At-Takbeer in this era has become an abandoned sunna (tradition), especially in the beginning of the ten days, hardly could you hear it except from a few people. How behooving it is that Muslims should revive this sunna so as to attain the reward of doing it and the reward of reviving a sunna which is about fading away. The takbeer has no specific method that must be adopted; the aim is to plentifully recite the takbeer regardless of any method.

However, several methods of doing it have been reported of the pious predecessors. It is reported from many of them that they used to recite: Allaahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,laa ilaaha illa-llaahu, wallaahu Akbar,Allaahu Akbar wallillaahil-hamd. It is reported of some of them also the following: Allahu Akbar kabeeran, wal-hamdulillaahi katheeran, wa subhaanallaahi bukratan wa asweelaa.

In addition to the takbeer al-Mutlaq(the takbeer done from the first day of zul-hijja till the sunset of the 13th day of the month), which starts from the first of the zul-Hijjah to the sunset of the thirteenth day, it is as well prescribed to recite the takbeer muqayyad(the takbeer done from the 10th day to the 13th day of Zul-Hijjah)after the salaam of every obligatory prayer, which starts for non-pilgrims from the dawn of the day of Arafah to the Asr prayer from the last day of the days of tashreeq. But for pilgrims, it starts from noon prayer of the Day of sacrifice to 'Asr prayer of the last day of the days of tashreeqThis is the most authentic opinion upon which are the majority from the predecessors and contemporary scholars.

The apparent meaning of the texts determines that the takbeer muqayyad comprises travelers and non-travellers, groups and individuals, obligaotory and non-obligatory prayers. The late comer of prayers should also do it after offering his prayer. This is because the takbeer is zikr which should be done after prayers. It is preferable that the takbeer after prayers be done after doing the adhkaar after each prayer.

From the uniqueness of these ten days is that: they are the season of pilgrimage, which is among the great acts of worship, and one of the pillars of Islam, and one of the best works in these days, Allah says:

وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

“ …Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah,- those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith, Allah stands not in need of any of His creatures”.

 Also , the Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be upon him says: “ follow Hajj with Umra for they both eliminate poverty and sins just as the bellow eliminates impurities of iron,gold and silver”(Tirmidhi and An-Nasaa’i). He,(peace be upon him) made it clear that one who had his Hajj accepted has no any reward except paradise, he says: “ from one umra to another is a purification for whatever(sins) is between them, and an accepted Hajj has no any reward except Paradise”(agreed upon).

From among the things that needs attention is that, when the ten days of Zul-hijjah sets in, and Muslim wanted to offer a sacrifice, it is not permissible for him to shave any of  his hairs or cut his nails, because the Prophet, peace be upon him: "Whoever has an animal to slaughter when the crescent of Zul-Hijjah sets in should cut his hair  and nails until he offers the sacrifice(reported by Muslim). This indicates that it is obligatory, and that prohibition determines that it is unlawful to do so and nothing averts it. However, if he intentionally cuts his hair or nails, he should repent to Allah and seek forgiveness and there is nothing on him and the reward of his sacrifice is complete in shaa-Allah.

Again, this prohibition only concerns the one offering the sacrifice. It does not comprise those sacrifice is made on their behalf such as wife and children except when one of them has their own sacrifice specifically to them. This is because the prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to sacrifice on behalf of his family and it was not reported of him that he prohibited anyone of them from plucking their hair or nails. We ask Allah to aid us towards hastiness towards good deeds, and making good use of virtuous seasons. May He enshroud us of His graciousness for He is the Hearer and the Answerer of suplications. 

 

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