Prayer Time

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Question:

How should a Muslim deal with an abusive man who speaks evil utterances such as words of disbelief and oaths of divorce along with seeking the help of Jinn and consuming bribes. The worse is still to come, he demolished a mosque  and turned it into a house, then a cattle pen claiming that he would build a larger mosque, and he really did, but the mosque he built is not fit for congregational Salah like the first one was. Needless to say, there are other sins that he committed, and he refuses all kinds of advice. Kindly give us your Fatwa in this regard.

 

Answer:

A Muslim is obliged to enjoin right and forbid wrong with wisdom and good and wise argument. Allah (Exalted be He) says (interpretation of the meaning):

{كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ}. (آل عمران:110).

{You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong} (3:110)

 

{وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ * وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ تَفَرَّقُوا وَاخْتَلَفُوا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وأولئك لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ}. (آل عمران:104-105).

{And let there be [arising] from you a nation inviting to (all that is) good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and those will be the successful* And do not be like the ones who became divided and differed after the clear proofs had come to them. And those will have a great punishment}. (3:104-105).

{ادْعُ إِلَىٰ سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ ۖ وَجَادِلْهُم بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ}. (النحل:125).

{Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best}. (16:125).

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:  

[الدين النصيحة، قلنا: لمن يا رسول الله؟ قال: لله ولكتابه ولرسوله ولأئمة المسلمين وعامتهم]. (رواه مسلم:55).

Interpretation of the meaning: [Religion is based on advising one another. Upon this we said: For whom? He replied: For Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and for the leaders and the general Muslims]. (Related by  Muslim, Hadith no. 55). 

It was narrated on the authority of Jarir Ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: [I gave my Bay`ah (pledge of allegiance) to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), that I would perform Salah (Prayer), pay Zakah (obligatory charity), and be sincere towards every Muslim]. (Related by Al-Bukhari, 57 and Muslim,65)

Sincerity towards Allah (Exalted be He) is concerned with being honest and sincere to Him in word and deed; and towards His book by believing in it and acting according to the Shari`ah rulings it contains. On the other hand, the Muslim should be sincere to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), by believing in his message and obeying him, and towards the Imams of Muslims by not cheating them and commanding them with Al-Ma`ruf (that which is judged as good, beneficial, or fitting by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), and forbidding them from Al-Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), if he is qualified to do so. He should obey them in Ma`ruf and be sincere towards the majority of Muslims by loving for them what he loves for himself. He should not cheat them whether by words or deeds, and should command them to do good and forbid them from doing bad, and help each other in righteousness and Taqwa (fear of offending Allah), but not in sin and transgression. 

However, calling to the way of Allah (Exalted be He) varies in degrees, whether through teaching the ignorant and guiding them with wisdom or preaching a sermon to soften the hearts, or arguing in the best of manners when needed. Therefore, whoever finds himself qualified for the task of Da`wah to Allah (Exalted be He) should put things in the appropriate place and address every one according to what suits him, for Allah (Exalted be He) says:

{خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ}. (الأعراف:199).

Interpretation of the meaning: {Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them)}. (7:199).

Similarly, those who call to Allah (Exalted be He), commanding Al-Ma`ruf and forbidding Al-Munkar, differ in the ways they adopt. Some are capable of denouncing evil with their hands, others with their tongues, a third is capable of nothing but abhorring evil from their hearts, and some could benefit from all such ways, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

[من رأى منكم منكرًا فليغيره بيده، فإن لم يستطع فبلسانه، فإن لم يستطع فبقلبه وذلك أضعف الإيمان].

[Whoever amongst you sees something abominable should rectify it with his hand; and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue; and if he has not strength enough to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of Faith] (narrated by Muslim, Hadith no. 49) 

Therefore, the caller to Allah (Exalted be He) should know his status and ability as to how far he could go in the field of Da`wah; propagating virtue and preventing vice. He should call others to Allah (Exalted be He) according to his knowledge and affect he expects to have. He should not go beyond his ability, otherwise he will turn into a source of Fitnah (temptation) to others. Allah (Exalted be He) is the One who guides to the straight path.

 

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'

Source: http://www.alifta.net: (Part No. 12; Page No. 326-327- 328).

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