Side Links
Prayer Time

  |      |   

Question:

What is the meaning of the following Hadith which means: [Ruqyahs (recitations for healing or protection. i.e. incantation), amulets and love-charms are Shirk]? (Sunan Abi Dawud, 3883).

Answer:

This Hadith has an acceptable Isnad (chain of narrators). It was narrated by Ahmad and Abu Dawud on the authority of Ibn Mas`ud. According to Scholars, a Ruqyah (incantation) which contains unintelligible words, names of devils or the like are Haram (prohibited). A love charm is a form of magic called "Al-Sarf (causing alienation) and Al-Atf (causing affection)". Amulets are objects hung around children's necks to give protection against `Ayn (the evil eye) or Jinn (creatures created from fire). They may be hung on sick, old people, or on camels and other animals. We have already explained the ruling on them in the answer to the third question. Amulets that are hung on animals are called "Awtar" (strings), which are a kind of minor Shirk and have the same ruling as amulets. It has been authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him),  in one of his expeditions , sent a messenger to the army ordering them: [Any necklace of string or any other material around the necks of camels should be cut off] (Sahih Al-Bukhari, 3005).

This is an evidence for the prohibition of all kinds of amulets whether they consist of words of the Qur'an or anything else.

Accordingly, Ruqyahs (incantations) are prohibited if they consist of unintelligible words, but if they consist of known words that involve no Shirk or anything that is prohibited by Shari`ah (Islamic law), they are permissible, for that the Prophet (peace be upon him) has used Ruqyah as a treatment and was treated with it. He (peace be upon him) said in a Hadith means: [There is nothing wrong with Ruqyahs (incantations) as long as they do not involve any Shirk] (Related by Muslim, 2200).

Accordingly, there is nothing wrong with reciting Ruqyah over some water. i.e. reciting over some water, which is then given to the sick person to drink or is poured over them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did this. It has been authentically reported in the Sunan of Abu Dawud, Book of Medicine, that  the Prophet (peace be upon him) recited Ruqyah over some water for Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas, then he poured it over him. The Salaf also used to do this; therefore, it is permissible.

Mufti: Shiekh Ibn Baz.

Fatwa No.: 4

Original text of the Fatwa in Arabic: 

السؤال: ما معنى الحديث: [إِنَّ الرُّقَى وَالتَّمَائِمَ وَالتِّوَلَةَ شِرْكٌ] ؟

الجواب: الحديث لا بأس بإسناده، رواه أحمد وأبو داود من حديث ابن مسعود، ومعناها عند أهل العلم: أن الرقى التي تكون بألفاظ لا يعرف معناها أو بأسماء الشياطين أو ما أشبه ذلك ممنوعة، والتولة نوع من السحر يسمونه: الصرف والعطف، والتمائم ما يعلق على الأولاد عن العين أو الجن، وقد تعلق على المرضى والكبار، وقد تعلق على الإبل ونحو ذلك، وسبق الجواب عنها في جواب السؤال الثالث، ويسمى ما يعلق على الدواب الأوتار، وهي من الشرك الأصغر وحكمها حكم التمائم، وقد صح عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنه أرسل في بعض مغازيه إلى الجيش رسولاً يقول لهم :[لاَ يَبْقَيَنَّ فِي رَقَبَةِ بَعِيرٍ قِلاَدَةٌ مِنْ وَتَرٍ أَوْ قِلاَدَةٌ إِلاَّ قُطِعَتْ], وهذا من الحجة على تحريم التمائم كلها سواء كانت من القرآن أو غيره.

وهكذا الرقى تحرم إذا كانت مجهولة، أما إذا كانت الرقى معروفة ليس فيها شرك ولا ما يخالف الشرع فلا بأس بها؛ لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم رقى ورقي، وقال[لاَ بَأْسَ بِالرُّقَى مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ شِرْكًا], رواه مسلم.

وكذلك الرقية في الماء لا بأس بها، وذلك بأن يقرأ في الماء ويشربه المريض، أو يصب عليه، فقد فعل ذلك النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فإنه ثبت في سنن أبي داود في كتاب الطب: أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم قرأ في ماء لثابت بن قيس بن شمّاس ثم صبه عليه ، وكان السلف يفعلون ذلك، فلا بأس به.

 

 

NewsLetter

© 2015 - 2016 All rights reserved Islam Message