Prayer Time

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In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our beloved Prophet, his household, companions and upon all those who followed their path in righteousness till the day of judgment. To proceed;

Words are light on the tongue, easy to come out and spoken, but they are value in the sight of the wise and in the sight of Allah the Most Wise.

As for the wise people: Umar ibn Khattab(may Allah be pleased with him) said: “He who talks too much makes more mistakes” (See: kashful khifai wa Muzil al-Ilbas 2/361). And some men of wisdom said: “The words of one's statement show his virtue and explain the level of his brain, so limit them on that which is good and talk little”. Some of them said: “Whoever is impressed with his sayings, gets affected in his brain” It is also said that: “The smarter you get the less you speak”. And some of them saw a man talking too much and less silence, he said: “Allah only created for you two ears and one tongue so that what you hear doubled what you speak”. (See: Adabu al-duya wa al-din pages 286-287). This is how wise people consider talks and speeches to be.

As for the values of words in the sight of Allah - Whose wisdom and evidence is enough for you - we find in the Qur’an and in the Sunnah of the Prophet, many texts that confirm the value of words and note their great danger. As for the Qur’an, Allah the Exalted said:

{مَا يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ}.

{Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record]}. (Qur’an 50:18).

It was also said in the meaning of this verse that: “It is written on the slave everything that he speaks, at the end of the day that which is permissible is wiped away, such as the words “go” and “get out” which has no relation to reward or sin”. (Tafseer al-Qurtubi 17/11).

Allah also said:  

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ}.

{O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice (70) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins…} (Qur’an 33:70-71).

Ibn kathir said in connection to the Allah’s saying: {وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا}. That means: straight forward, no warped or deviation”. (Tafseer Ibn Kathir 3/529).

As for the Sunnah, the Prophet(peace be upon him( said:

[كفى بالمرء كذباً أن يُحَدّث بكل ما سمع].

[It is enough for a man to prove himself a liar when he goes on narrating whatever he hears]. (sahih Muslim: Book 18, Hadith 1547).

He also said:

[إِنَّ مِنْ أَحَبِّكُمْ إِلَىَّ وَأَقْرَبِكُمْ مِنِّي مَجْلِسًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَحَاسِنَكُمْ أَخْلاَقًا وَإِنَّ أَبْغَضَكُمْ إِلَىَّ وَأَبْعَدَكُمْ مِنِّي مَجْلِسًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ الثَّرْثَارُونَ وَالْمُتَشَدِّقُونَ وَالْمُتَفَيْهِقُونَ ‏"‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَدْ عَلِمْنَا الثَّرْثَارُونَ وَالْمُتَشَدِّقُونَ فَمَا الْمُتَفَيْهِقُونَ قَالَ ‏"‏ الْمُتَكَبِّرُونَ].

[“Indeed the most beloved among you to me, and the nearest to sit with me on the Day of Judgment is the best of you in character. And indeed, the most disliked among you to me, and the one sitting furthest from me on the Day of Judgement are the Thartharun, and the Mutashaddiqun and the Muthafaihiqun." They said: O Messenger of Allah! We know about the Thartharun, and the Mutashaddiqun, but what about the Muthafaihiqun? He said:"The arrogant”]. (Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 1, Hadith 2018).

It is due to this value that Islam makes it compulsory upon  the Muslim to speak the truth in any situation - according to capability - without sweet talk or favoritism or shyness. Allah the Most High said:

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ إِنْ يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَى بِهِمَا فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَى أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا}.

{O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just…} (Qur’an 4:135).

Ibn Abbas said: “Allah ordered the believers to speak the truth even if it’s against themselves, their fathers or children, neither favoring the rich for his riches nor be merciful to the needy due to his need”. (See: Al-Durr al-Manthoor by Suyuti 2/714).

‘Ubadah ibn Samit reported saying:

[بَايَعْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى السَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ فِي الْيُسْرِ وَالْعُسْرِ وَالْمَنْشَطِ وَالْمَكْرَهِ وَأَنْ لاَ نُنَازِعَ الأَمْرَ أَهْلَهُ وَأَنْ نَقُولَ - أَوْ نَقُومَ - بِالْحَقِّ حَيْثُمَا كُنَّا لاَ نَخَافُ لَوْمَةَ لاَئِمٍ].

[We pledged allegiance to the Messenger of Allah to hear and obey both in times of hardship and ease, when we are energetic and when we are tired, that we would not contend power with whomever it was entrusted to, that we would speak the truth or stand firm by the truth wherever we may be, and that we would not fear the blame of the blamers] (Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 93, Hadith 60).

And It was narrated by Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri that:

[أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَامَ خَطِيبًا فَكَانَ فِيمَا قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَلاَ لاَ يَمْنَعَنَّ رَجُلاً هَيْبَةُ النَّاسِ أَنْ يَقُولَ بِحَقٍّ إِذَا عَلِمَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبَكَى أَبُو سَعِيدٍ وَقَالَ قَدْ وَاللَّهِ رَأَيْنَا أَشْيَاءَ فَهِبْنَا].

[The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stood up to deliver a sermon, and one of the things he said was: “Indeed, fear of people should not prevent a man from speaking the truth, if he knows it.”] Then Abu Sa'eed wept and said: "By Allah, we have seen things that made us scared and we did not speak up” (Sunan Ibn Majah vol. 5, Book 36, Hadith 400).

Based on this, it becomes clear that the Muslim has no excuse for not speaking the truth except if he fears for himself or fears that speaking the truth will cause more harm than the harm of not speaking the truth. It is for the same value, that Islam forbids every false words or that which calls to falsehood.

To be continued, insha Allah…


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