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Question:

What is the ruling on the dancing, singing, and swaying of Sufis during what they call circles of Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah)?

Answer:

The best of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace be upon him). The most evil of things are those which have been newly invented (in religion). Allah has completed the religion (Islam) for His Servants regarding the code of actions, words and beliefs. He (Exalted be He) says:

{الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا}.

{This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion}. (Qur'an5:3).

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) clarified the matters of this religion through his sayings, deeds, and confirmations. Moreover, his Sahabah (Companions, may Allah be pleased with them) reported all the Prophet’s sayings, deeds and approvals. The religion is perfect in terms of its rules, explanations, and transmitted reports. As for Dhikr, it is like any other act of ‘Ibadah (worship), bound by religious texts from the Qur’an and the Sunnah and not amendable to personal opinions. Whoever singles out certain acts of worship to be performed at fixed times and in a special way, is required to provide the evidence for that. As to what is mentioned in the question, it is groundless and baseless in Shari‘ah (Islamic law). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد].

[Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it rejected].

Accordingly, what is mentioned in the question is included under rejected actions.

Fatwa from: The Permanent committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' of Saudi Arabia.

Fatwa No:3544.

Original text of the Fatwa in Arabic:

السؤال:

هل ما يفعله الصوفية من رقص وغناء وتمايل ذات اليمين والشمال ذكر كما يسمونه حلال أم حرام ؟

الجواب:

خير الكلام كلام الله وخير الهدي هدي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم وشر الأمور محدثاتها وقد أكمل الله الدين لعباده قولاً وعملاً واعتقادًا ، قال تعالى : {الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلامَ دِينًا}. والرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم بين هذا الدين بقوله وفعله وتقريره ، وصحابته رضي الله عنهم نقلوا عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم ما صدر منه من الأقوال والأفعال والإقرار ، فالدين كامل من جهة قواعده ومن جهة بيانه ونقله ، والذكر نوع من العبادات والعبادات مبنية على التوقيف ، ومن خصص شيئًا من العبادات وحدد له وقتًا معينًا أو كيفية خاصة لأدائه فهو مطالب بالدليل ، وما ذكر في السؤال لا نعلم له أصلاً شرعيًا يعتمد عليه ، وقد ثبت عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال  : [من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد] . فما ذكر في السؤال من النوع المردود .

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