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The Trades Islam warned about:

The Shari’ah warned about certain types of trade if they result to wasting something that is more important; for instance if the trade prevents a person from performing a compulsory worship, or it results to harming others. Some of these forbidden trades are as follows:

1/ Buying and Selling after the second call for Friday prayers:

Buying and Selling after the second call for Friday prayers is invalid for those on whom Jum’ah is compulsory; Allah said in the Qur’an:

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِن يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ۚ}.

{O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu'ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade.} (Qur’an 62:9).

So, Allah warned trading during this time, and anything warned about becomes forbidden, and makes the trade invalid.

2/ Selling things to someone who uses them to disobey Allah, or uses it in what has been forbidden:

That’s why it is invalid to sell juice to someone who will use it as wine, as well as the utensils for the one who uses them to drink wine, it is also invalid to sell weapons during the time of conflict between the Muslims. Allah said in the Qur’an:  

{وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ}.

{And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.} (Qur’an 5:2).

3/ entering into a transaction which his Muslim brother has already entered into:

For instance, to say to a person who purchased something for $10; I will sell it kind to you for lesser price, or I will sell to you one that is better than this one with the same price; based on the hadith narrated by Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both), who said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[ولا يبع بعضكم على بيع بعض].

[A person should not enter into a transaction when his (Muslim) brother has already negotiated] (Al-Bukhari Book 18, Hadith 1779).

4/ Making purchase upon the purchase of aother:

For instance, a person says to a seller who have sold a commodity; cancel the transaction and I will buy it from you with a higher price, after the seller and the one who have purchased the commodity have agreed on the price already. This kind of trade is part of the warning mentioned in the previous hadith.

5/ Transaction on credit(Bai’u al-‘Einah):

It is when a person sells a commodity to another person for a stated price and to be paid in a stated time in the future, after which the seller purchases the same commodity from the buyer before receiving the commodity with a lesser price paying it at the moment, and at the end of the stipulated time of first price the buyer submits the amount agreed upon to the seller.

For instance, a person sells a portion of land for $50,000 to be paid after a year, then the seller buys it from the buyer for $40,000 cash at the same time, and the buyer will have to pay the $50,000 at the end of the year.

It was named “Einah” because the buyer receives money cash at the moment instead of the item or commodity he purchased.

This type of transaction is considered forbidden because it is used as a means to “Ribaa” i.e interest. Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[إِذَا تَبَايَعْتُمْ بِالْعِينَةِ وَأَخَذْتُمْ أَذْنَابَ الْبَقَرِ وَرَضِيتُمْ بِالزَّرْعِ وَتَرَكْتُمُ الْجِهَادَ سَلَّطَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ ذُلاًّ لاَ يَنْزِعُهُ حَتَّى تَرْجِعُوا إِلَى دِينِكُمْ].

[When you enter into the inah transaction, hold on to the tails of oxen, are pleased with agriculture, and give up conducting jihad (struggle in the way of Allah). Allah will make humiliation prevail over you, and will not withdraw it until you return to the origin of your religion.] (Reported by Ahmad 2/28, Sunan Abi Dawud 3462).

6/ Selling a purchased commodity before getting hold of it:

For instance, a person buys a commodity from another, then sells it before receiving and getting hold of it.

Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) narrated that the Messenger of Allah, (peace be upon him) said:

[مَنِ ابْتَاعَ طَعَامًا فَلاَ يَبِعْهُ حَتَّى يَقْبِضَهُ].

[He who buys food, must not sell it until he takes possession of it.] (Al-Bukhari hadith 2136 ).

And Zayd ibn Thabit narrated that:

[أنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى أَنْ تُبَاعَ السِّلَعُ حَيْثُ تُبْتَاعُ حَتَّى يَحُوزَهَا التُّجَّارُ إِلَى رِحَالِهِمْ].

[the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade to sell the goods where they are bought until the tradesmen take them to their houses.] (Sunan Abi Dawud 3499).

It is not permissible for a person who purchases something to sell it until he receives and get hold of it completely.

7/ Selling fruits before they are ripe:

It not permissible to sell fruits before they ripe; for the fear of been damaged or the occurrence of faults in them before collecting them.

Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

[أَرَأَيْتَ إِذَا مَنَعَ اللَّهُ الثَّمَرَةَ فَبِمَ يَأْخُذُ أَحَدُكُمْ مَالَ أَخِيهِ].

[Allah may prevent the fruits from maturing, so how can you take payment from your brother for it.] (Al-Bukhari hadith 2198, and Muslim hadith 1555).

Also, Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) reported that:

[أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنْ بَيْعِ الثَّمَرِ حَتَّى يَبْدُوَ صَلاَحُهَا نَهَى الْبَائِعَ وَالْمُبْتَاعَ.]

[Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) forbade the sale of fruits until they are clearly in good condition, he forbade it both to the seller and to the buyer.] (Al-Bukhari hadith 2194, and Muslim hadith 1534).

The ripeness and readiness could be known by the change of color to red or yellow for dates, and becoming black for grapes and the sweet taste is detected in it, and as for grains it is when it became strong and dry, and so on in all other fruits.

8/ A kind of trade called “Al-Najash”:

This is the trade in which a person increases the price of a commodity but he does not want to buy it, he just wants to tempt others to buy it and make them admire it and increase it price.

Ibn 'Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said:

[أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نهى عن النَجَش].

[The Messenger of (Allah peace be upon him) prohibited the practice of Najsh.] (Al-Bukhari hadith 6963, and Muslim hadith 1516).

To be continued, insha Allah…


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