Prayer Time

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The Prohibited Times for Offering Voluntary Prayers 2

As for The reason why it is forbidden to pray during these times; the Prophet (peace be upon him) has explained that the infidels worship the sun at its risings and its settings; therefore, the Muslim prayer at these times might involve resemblance to them. The hadith that was reported by Amr bin Absa from the Prophet (peace be upon him) states that:

[صَلِّ صَلاَةَ الصُّبْحِ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ حَتَّى تَرْتَفِعَ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ حِينَ تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَىْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَىْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ].

[Pray Fajr, then stop praying when the sun is rising till it is fully up, for when it rises it comes up between the horns of Satan, and the infidels prostrate themselves before it at that time… till the sun sets, for it sets between the horns of devil, and at that time the infidels prostrate themselves before it][1]

This is regarding  the reason behind the prohibition of praying at sunrise and sunset. With regard to the prohibition on praying when the sun is at the zenith; the Prophet (peace be upon him) explained the reason in the same previous hadith, he said:

[فإن حينئذٍ تُسْجَرُ جهنم].

[for at that time Hell is heated up][2]

 

Offering voluntary prayers during these times is prohibited, except in cases where it is narrated that there is an exception, such as the two rak'ahs offered after the Tawaf, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[يَا بَنِي عَبْدِ مَنَافٍ لاَ تَمْنَعُوا أَحَدًا طَافَ بِهَذَا الْبَيْتِ وَصَلَّى أَيَّةَ سَاعَةٍ شَاءَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ].

[O Banu ‘Abd Manaf! Do not prevent anyone from circumambulating this House or praying at any time he wants of the day or night] [3]

Also, making up the Sunnah  prayer of Fajr after the Fajr prayer, and making up the Sunnah  prayer of Dhuhr prayer after the Asr prayer, especially if one join Dhuhr and Asr prayers.  The same applied to the prayers that are done for a specific reason, like the funeral prayers, Tahiyat Al-Masjid (i.e. the two rak'ahs offered when entering the mosque), eclipse prayer, as well as making up missed prayers. All are permissible to be offered in such prohibited times, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[مَنْ نَسِيَ صَلاَةً أَوْ نَامَ عَنْهَا فَكَفَّارَتُهَا أَنْ يُصَلِّيَهَا إِذَا ذَكَرَهَا]

[Whoever forgets a prayer, or slept (without praying), its expiation is (only) that he should observe it when he remembers it] [4]


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[1] Sahih Muslim (832).

[2] Sahih Muslim (832).

[3] Reported by Abu Dawud (1894); At-Tirmidhi (868) and said: it's Hasan Sahih; Ibn Majah (1254), and Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak (1/448) and classed it as Sahih. Al-Dhahabi agreed with him and Al-Albani classed it as Sahih (Sahih Ibn Majah No. 1036).

[4] Sahih Muslim (684).

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