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Interpretation of Verses 113–119  in Al-Baqarah (Chapter of the Cow).

Verse(Ayah) no. (113)

{وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ لَيْسَتِ النَّصَارَى عَلَى شَيْءٍ وَقَالَتِ النَّصَارَى لَيْسَتِ الْيَهُودُ عَلَى شَيْءٍ وَهُمْ يَتْلُونَ الْكِتَابَ كَذَلِكَ قَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ مِثْلَ قَوْلِهِمْ فَاللَّهُ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ}

The Jews said: the Christians are not on the right religion. The Christians said the same about the Jews; though they both recite the Torah and the Gospel, which state the obligation of believing in all the Prophets. So also those who have no knowledge from among the polytheists of the Arabs and others speak the same as their words, i.e. they said to whoever follows a religion: you are not on the right religion. But Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that over which they used to differ, and He will recompense each one according to his deeds.  

Verse(Ayah) no. (114)

{وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنْ مَنَعَ مَسَاجِدَ اللَّهِ أَنْ يُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ وَسَعَى فِي خَرَابِهَا أُولَئِكَ مَا كَانَ لَهُمْ أَنْ يَدْخُلُوهَا إِلَّا خَائِفِينَ لَهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا خِزْيٌ وَلَهُمْ فِي الْآَخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ}

No one is more sinful than those who prevent the name of Allah from being mentioned in mosques such as establishing prayers, reciting the Qur'an and so on, and strive to ruin them through demolition or closure, or through preventing the believers from entering them. Those offenders were not supposed to enter the mosques except in fear of the punishment. They will have humiliation and disgrace in this world, and they will have a severe punishment in the Hereafter.

Verse(Ayah) no. (115)

{وَلِلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ}

And to Allah belong the east side, the west side, and what is between them; He is the Owner of the whole earth . So wherever you turn (yourselves) to pray by the order of Allah, you are facing the direction of Allah [i.e. the direction of prayer which Allah accepts]; you are not out of His sovereignty and obedience. Indeed, Allah's mercy encompasses His slaves, and He is Knowing of all their deeds, none of which is hidden from Him.

Verse(Ayah) no. (116)

{وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ وَلَدًا سُبْحَانَهُ بَلْ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ كُلٌّ لَهُ قَانِتُونَ}

The Jews and the Christians say, " Allah has taken a son".  He -The Almighty- is holier than such claim! Rather, all that is in the heavens and on the earth are Allah's slaves and are owned by Him. And they all are devoutly obedient to Him, and subjected to His control.

Verse(Ayah) no. (117)

{بَدِيعُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَإِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ}

And Allah the Almighty created the heavens and the earth without a preceding example. When He decrees a matter - and wanted it to happen - He only says to it, "Be," and it happens.

Verse(Ayah) no. (118)

{وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ لَوْلَا يُكَلِّمُنَا اللَّهُ أَوْ تَأْتِينَا آَيَةٌ كَذَلِكَ قَالَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ مِثْلَ قَوْلِهِمْ تَشَابَهَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا الْآَيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ}

And the ignorant among the People of the Scripture and others said to the Prophet and the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (peace be upon him), as a matter of stubbornness: "Why did Allah not speak to us face to face telling us that you are His messenger? or why does not a miracle come to us -from Allah- confirming your sincerity? Thus nations before them spoke the same to their messengers, as a matter of stubbornness and arrogance; because the hearts of the former and the later nations are alike in terms of disbelief and misguidance. We have shown clearly the signs to those who believe with certainty; because they believe in Allah Almighty and follow His law.

Verse(Ayah) no. (119)

{إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ بِالْحَقِّ بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا وَلَا تُسْأَلُ عَنْ أَصْحَابِ الْجَحِيمِ}

Verily, We have sent you -O Muhammad- with the right religion (Islam), supported by proofs and miracles. So convey it to people, with giving glad tidings to the believers of the blessings they will receive in this world and the Hereafter, and warning those who are stubborn of Allah's punishment that awaits them. And you will not be questioned –after delivering- about the disbelief of those who denied you; they will surely enter the Hellfire On the Day of Resurrection and will never come out of it.


To be continued, insha Allah…


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