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Desirable Acts of Fasting.

The Third Chapter: Desirable acts and detestable acts of fasting:

The first matter: Desirable acts of fasting.

It's desirable for the fasting person to observe the following acts:

1/ To take Suhoor meal (the pre-dawn meal):

For the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[تسحروا فإن في السحور بركة].

[Eat suhoor for in suhoor there is blessing] [1]

The Suhoor may consist of a lot of food or a little, or even a drink of water. Suhoor time starts from midnight until dawn.

2/ To delay suhoor:

For the report narrated from Zayd ibn Thaabit (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

[تسحرنا مع رسول الله - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -، ثم قمنا إلى الصلاة، قلت: كم كان قدر ما بينهما؟ قال: خمسين آية].

[We ate suhoor with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), then we got up to pray.” I said: "How much time was there between the two (acts, i. e. taking of suhoor and observing of prayer)?" He said: "(a span of reciting) fifty verses"] [2]

3/ To take the fast-breaking meal early, soon after it becomes certain that the sun has set:

It's narrated from Sahl bin Sad (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[لا يزال الناس بخير ما عجَّلوا الفطر].

[People will remain in good as long as they are quick to break the fast][3]

4/ To break the fast with fresh dates:

If dates are not available then with dry dates; if none are available then with water – because of the hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

[كان رسول الله - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - يفطر على رُطَبَاتٍ قبل أن يصلِّي، فإن لم تكن رطبات فعلى تمرات، فإن لم تكن حَسا حسوات من ماء].

 [The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to break his fast with fresh dates before praying; if there were no (fresh dates) then with dry dates, and if there were no (dried dates) then he would take a few sips of water] [4]

If nothing is available, then it's enough to intend to break the fast in heart.

5/ To supplicate to Allah during the fast and when breaking it: For the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[ثلاثة لا تُرد دعوتهم: الصائم حتى يفطر، والإمام العادل، والمظلوم].

[Three persons, their supplications will not be rejected: The just ruler, the fasting person when he breaks his fast, and the supplication of the wronged person] [5]

6/ Engaging more in giving alms, reciting the Qur'an, providing meals for fasting people, and other good deeds:

Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

[كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدَ النَّاسِ، وَأَجْوَدُ مَا يَكُونُ فِي رَمَضَانَ، حِينَ يَلْقَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ، وَكَانَ جِبْرِيلُ ـ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ـ يَلْقَاهُ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ، فَيُدَارِسُهُ الْقُرْآنَ فَلَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدُ بِالْخَيْرِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الْمُرْسَلَةِ‏].

[The Prophet (peace be upon him) was the most generous of all the people, and he used to become more generous in Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night during Ramadan to revise the Qur'an with him. Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) then used to be more generous than the fast blowing wind] [6]

7/ To strive for midnight prayer, especially in the last ten nights of Ramadan:

Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated:

[كان النبي - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - إذا دخل العشر شد مئزره وأحيا ليله وأيقظ أهله].

[With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. keep away from his wives) and used to stay up praying all night, and he would also wake his wives (to pray and recite Qur’an etc..)][7]

Also, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[من قام رمضان إيماناً واحتساباً غفر له ما تقدَّم من ذنبه].

[Whoever prays during the night in Ramadan out of sincere faith and seeking its reward from Allah, will have all of his previous sins forgiven] [8]

8/ To performing  Umrah:

For the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[عُمْرَةٌ فِي رَمَضَانَ تَعْدِلُ حِجَّةً].

[Umrah during Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj] [9]

9/ To say "I am observing fast" when abused:

For the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

[وَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ صَوْمِ أَحَدِكُمْ، فَلاَ يَرْفُثْ وَلاَ يَصْخَبْ، فَإِنْ سَابَّهُ أَحَدٌ، أَوْ قَاتَلَهُ فَلْيَقُلْ إِنِّي امْرُؤٌ صَائِمٌ‏].

[If one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual relation with his wife and quarreling, and if somebody should fight or quarrel with him, he should say, 'I am fasting.'] [10].

 

To be continued, insha Allah…



[1] Narrated by Al-Bukhari (1923); Muslim (1095)

[2] Narrated by al-Bukhaari (575) and Muslim (1097).

[3] Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1957) and Muslim (1098)

[4] Nararted by Abu Dawud (2356); Al-Tirmidhi (696) and he classed it as Hasan. Related by Al-Baghawi in Sharh Assunah (6/266) and he classed it as Hasan. Classed as Sahih by Al-Albani (Sahih Al-Tirmidhi 560). Al-Arna'ot strengthened its isnaad in coming on  Sharh Assunah.

[5] Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi (2526); he classed it as Hasan. Related by Al-Bayhaqi (3/345); and classed as Sahih by Al-Albani in Al-Sahih (1797)

[6] Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6) and Muslim (2308)

[7] Narrated by al-Bukhaari (2024) and Muslim (1174)

[8] Narrated by Muslim (759)

[9] Narrated by Al-Bukhari (1782) and Muslim (1256)

[10] Narrated by Al-Bukhari (1904) and Muslim (1151)

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