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Ruling on the Farewell Tawaaf upon the Pilgrim.

Question:

I used to compel those who perform Umrah to do the farewell Tawaaf when they are about to leave the sacred land. And I have heard from your Eminence in your lesson at the haram that there is no farewell for Umrah. Please give more clarification on this topic.

Answer:

The farewell Tawaaf is compulsory on the one who performed Hajj, based on the saying of Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that: "the people were ordered that they should bid farewell to the Ka'abah before leaving, except that the woman who is on her menses was pardoned". (This narration was Agreed upon).

And based on the hadith reported by Ibn Abbas saying:

[كَانَ النَّاسُ يَنْصَرِفُونَ كُلَّ وَجْهٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ: ‏ "‏لاَ يَنْفِرَنَّ أَحَدٌ حَتَّى يَكُونَ آخِرُ عَهْدِهِ بِالْبَيْتِ"].

[The people were going in all directions, and the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "No one should depart until the last thing he does is (Tawaf around) the House."]. (Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 4, Book 25, Hadith 3070). This is an order for the pilgrims based on the situation, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said it when the Hajj was completed as a direction for the Pilgrims.

As for the one who performed Umrah, he is not compelled to do the farewell Tawaaf, but it is permissible for him to do it before traveling, because there is no evidence that makes it obligatory, and because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not do farewell Tawaaf when he was leaving Makkah after the Umrah of al-Qada' (make-up), as far as we know from his Sunnah on that.

To Allah belong all success. May Allah's peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

Source of Fatwa:

Fatwa issued by: The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta.

Original text of the Fatwa in Arabic:

السؤال:

أنا كنت ألزم المعتمرين بطواف الوداع عند خروجهم من البلد الحرام، وقد سمعت من سماحتكم في درسكم بالحرم أنه لا وداع لها، فأرجو زيادة البيان في هذا الموضوع.

الإجابة:

يجب طواف الوداع على من حج بيت الله الحرام عند سفره؛ لقول ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما: أُمر الناس أن يكون آخر عهدهم بالبيت، إلا أنه خفف عن الحائض متفق عليه ولقوله:  كان الناس ينصرفون من كل وجهة؛ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لا ينصرف أحد حتى يكون آخر عهده بالبيت  رواه أحمد ومسلم وهذا أمر للحجاج بقرينة الحال، فإنه صلى الله عليه وسلم قاله عند الفراغ من الحج؛ إرشادًا للحجاج.

أما المعتمر فلا يجب عليه طواف الوداع، لكن يسن له أن يطوفه عند سفره؛ لعدم الدليل على الوجوب، ولأنه صلى الله عليه وسلم لم يطف للوداع عند خروجه من مكة بعد عمرة القضاء فيما علمنا من سنته في ذلك.

وبالله التوفيق وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.

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