Prayer Time

  |      |      |   The Message of Islam:

Fasting on the 9th, 10th or 11th of Muharram if it Falls on Friday.

It was confirmed in Bukhari and Muslim that Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying:

[‏لا يصومن أحدكم يوم الجمعة إلا يومًا قبله أو بعده].

[None of you should observe fast on Friday except that he should observe fast either one day before it or one day after it.] (Al-Bukhari 1849, and Muslim 1929).

And Muslim also related in his Sahih on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah(peace be upon him) said:

[لاَ تَخْتَصُّوا لَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ بِقِيَامٍ مِنْ بَيْنِ اللَّيَالِي وَلاَ تَخُصُّوا يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ بِصِيَامٍ مِنْ بَيْنِ الأَيَّامِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِي صَوْمٍ يَصُومُهُ أَحَدُكُمْ].

[Do not single out Friday night (i.e. the night preceding Friday) among all the other nights for performing the night prayer. Also, do not single out Friday among other days for fasting, unless it coincides with the days one regularly fasts]. (Sahih Muslim 1144).

And on the authority of Al-Juwairiyah bint Al-Harith that:

[أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَهْىَ صَائِمَةٌ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَصُمْتِ أَمْسِ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَتْ لاَ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ تُرِيدِينَ أَنْ تَصُومِي غَدًا ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَتْ لاَ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَأَفْطِرِي].

[The Prophet (peace be upon him) visited her (Juwairiya) on a Friday and she was fasting. He asked her, "Did you fast yesterday?" She said, "No." He said, "Do you intend to fast tomorrow?" She said, "No." He said, "Then break your fast"]. (Sahih al-Bukhari 1986).

So, in the above mentioned hadiths it is very clear that singling out Friday for fasting is something hateful, except if it coincides a usual fasting.

Ibn Qudamah said: "It is hateful to single out Friday for fasting, except if coincides a usual fasting. Such as a person who is used to fasting one day and breaks the following day and his day of fasting happens to fall on Friday". (Al-Mughni for Ibn Qudamah 3/53).

And An-Nawawi said: "It is hateful to single out Friday for fasting, but if he fasts on Friday and the day before it or after it, or his usual fasting falls on Friday, such as if he makes a pledge to fast on the day his sick person gets well, or the day a person arrives, and that happens to fall on a Friday the fast will not be hateful on it". (Al-Majmu' for An-Nawawi 6/479).  

Based on this, fasting on Tasu'aa the 9th or 'Ashura the 10th or the 11th of Muharram if any of them falls on a Friday there is no problem in fasting on that day, for two reasons:

Firstly: Because it is connected with fasting a day before the Friday or a day after it. And Ashura falls on Friday. So, the condition mentioned by the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) when he said:

[None of you should observe fast on Friday except that he should observe fast either one day before it or one day after it.] is fulfilled.

Secondly: That Friday happens to fall on one of his usual days of fasting. Such a person who used to fast the 9th and 10th of Muharram and that happened to be on Friday and Saturday or Saturday and Sunday respectively, it will not be hateful to fast on these days.

So also for the person who decides to fast on the 10th only and it falls on Saturday for instance, It will not be hated for him. Because he only fasted the days seeking the reward of fasting 'Ashura and he did not fasted because it is Friday or Saturday.

So, Fasting on Friday or Saturday can be exempted from the warning of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) if:

1/ The person fasts a day before the Friday or a day after it.

2/ His usual fasting days coincides with Friday or Saturday. Such as fasting the three bright days (i,e 13, 14 and 15) of every month, or a person who is used to fasting a specific day, such as the day of 'Arafah and it happens to be on Friday. It can also be understood from this that if a person make a pledge to fast on the day his relation arrives home or the day his sick person recovers, that it permissible to fulfill the pledge by fasting even if it happens to be on a Friday. (See: Fath Al-Bari for Ibn Hajar 4/234).

NewsLetter

© 2015 - 2016 All rights reserved Islam Message