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The Description of Hajj and Umrah 4.

When the sun sets he should leave Arafah in quietness, making the Talbiyah on his way till he arrives in Muzdalifah where he should perform the Maghrib and Esha prayers together, reducing the Esha prayer to two Rakaats.

The weak or sick pilgrim is permitted to leave Muzdalifah at night, while the one who is well and strong remains in Muzdalifah until he performs Fajr prayer, and then faces the Qibla, thanks, praises and exalts Allah until the sun is about to rise. After which, he leaves Muzdalifah quietly before the sun rises while saying the Talbiyah on his way to Mina, and picks up seven pebbles on the road. On his arrival at the last and big Jamarat he ends the Talbiyah and throws the seven pebbles on it saying "Allahu Akbar" when throwing each pebble. And then he should slaughter his sacrificial animal. It is preferable that he eats from its meat. Then he should shave his head. Then he should perform the Hajj Tawwaf called Tawwaf Al-Ifadah and then do the S'ayu of Hajj (i.e. walking between Safa and Marwah) if he is performing Hajj Tamattu', or if he is performing Hajj Ifrad or Qiran but he did not do s'ayu when he was making the arrival Tawwaf known as Tawwaf Al-Qudoom.

The Sunnah is to do these works in the following order: Throwing the pebbles, slaughtering, reducing or shaving the whole head and doing the Tawwaf. If he do any of these before the other there is no problem with it. And if he do two of the following three works - Throwing the pebbles, reducing or shaving the whole head and doing the Tawwaf with the S'ayu for he who is supposed to do S'ayu – he automatically makes the first Tahallul. By this, everything that was forbidden for him due to the Ihram becomes legal again, except women. If he does all the three works, everything becomes legal for him including the women.

The pilgrim must spend the nights of the 11th and 12th in Mina, and throw pebbles on the three Jamarats on the 11th and 12th days, starting with the small one next to the medium one and then the big one. The throwing time begins when the sun shifts from the center before Zuhr prayer known as "Zawal" unto Fajr time.

When he throws the pebbles on the small Jamarat, it is Sunnah for him to move a little on his right hand side, facing towards the Qibla, raise his hands and supplicate. And when he throws the pebbles on the midium Jamarat, it is Sunnah for him to move a little on his left hand side, facing towards the Qibla, and stand for a while raising his hands in supplication.

He should not stand after throwing the pebbles on the big and last Jamarat.

If he wants to make "T'ajeel" (i.e. return to Makkah on the 12th day after throwing the pebbles) he must leave Mina on that day before the sun sets down. But if the sun sets down while he is still in Mina willingly, he must spend the night of the 13th day in Mina.

Then when he is ready to leave Makkah, he has to do the goodbye Tawwaf called "Tawwaf Al-Wada'". By so doing he is spending his last time in the K'abah with Tawwaf. This Tawwaf is not required for women who are experiencing their menses or are in their after birth period.


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