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Migration in Islam and Its Conditions.


What are the conditions of migration in Islam, and what is meant by the sayings of the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): [The reward of worship performed at the time of trials is equal in reward to an emigration to me]?


Migration in Islam is: to transfer from a non-Islamic country to an Islamic country. And this is obligatory. Allah the Almighty said:

{إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا فِيمَ كُنتُمْ ۖ قَالُوا كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ قَالُوا أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا}. (النساء: 97).

{Indeed, those whom the angels take [in death] while wronging themselves - [the angels] will say, "In what [condition] were you?" They will say, "We were oppressed in the land." The angels will say, "Was not the earth of Allah spacious [enough] for you to emigrate therein?" For those, their refuge is Hell - and evil it is as a destination.} (An-Nisaa: 97).

Ibn Katheer said with regards to this verse: "This verse is general for anyone who lives among the Mushrikeen and is able to emigrate, and is unable to establish the religion. He is considered unjust to himself, committing a forbidden by Consensus".

As for the saying of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him):

[العبادة في الهرج كهجرة إلي].

[The reward of worship performed at the time of trials is equal in reward to an emigration to me](Sahih Muslim 2948), it indicates the virtue of worshiping Allah alone in times of trials and war, and that its virtue is like that of emigrating to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). when the Muslims where Migrating to him in Madinah coming from the non-Islamic country Makkah before the conquest of Makkah.

It is not an indication of dropping the emigration for he who is able to do so, if he is in a non-Islamic country and cannot establish his religion among those infidels.

To Allah belong all success. May Allah's peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

Source of the Fatwa:

Fatwa issued by: The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta

Fatwa no.:  (7150).

Original Fatwa Text in Arabic Language:


ما هي شروط الهجرة في الإسلام، وما المقصود بقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم: "عبادة في الهرج كهجرة إلي"؟


الهجرة هي: الخروج من بلد الكفر إلى بلد الإسلام، وهي واجبة، قال تعالى: {إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا فِيمَ كُنْتُمْ  إلى قوله:  فَأُولَئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا} ... الخ.

وبالله التوفيق وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.


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