Prayer Time

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Participating in Network Marketing System.

Question:

There is a website, if you pay a certain amount, they give you "coupons" of a discount on known companies goods, If you convince people to register on the site, they give you financial rewards. And If these people convince other people to register on the site, they give them bonuses, and I also get bonuses, i.e. as if I am an agent to register and convince people to register on this site. Are these rewards legal (halal) or illegal (haram)?

Answer:

Praise be to Allah, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah, and on his family, and his companions, after that:

It is not permissible to participate in the aforementioned marketing system, because it includes gambling and a forbidden tricking. Ibn Taymiyah said: "Then the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained what Allah had grouped in his book. So the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade trick selling -as narrated by Muslim and others from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him). And Al-Gharar: is the unknown consequence, the sale of such is a type of gambling which is known as Qimar".

And if the discount coupons are given for money, they become illegal (haraam) according to the view of the scholars of modern times, because they involve unknown consequence (gharar). It is not permissible neither to buy it nor to direct others to it. Also, participating in the said network marketing system in exchange for the purchase of coupons is not permitted, even if the commodity involved is permissible.

And Allah knows the best.

Source of Fatwa:

Fatwa Issued by: Islam web.

Fatwa no.: 364192

Original fatwa text in Arabic Language:

السؤال:

هناك موقع على الإنترنت، إذا دفعت مبلغًا معينًا، يعطونك بدل المبلغ بطاقات خصم "كوبونات" على بضائع لشركات معروفة، وإذا أقنعت ناسًا بالتسجيل في الموقع، فإنهم يعطونك مكافآت مالية، وإذا أقنع هؤلاء الناس ناسًا آخرين بالتسجيل في الموقع، يعطونهم مكافآت، وأحصل أنا أيضًا على مكافآت، يعني كأني وكيل لتسجيل وإقناع الناس بالتسجيل في هذا الموقع، فهل هذه المكافآت حلال أو حرام؟

الإجابة:

الحمد لله، والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله، وعلى آله، وصحبه، أما بعد:

 فلا يجوز الاشتراك في النظام التسويقي المذكور؛ لاشتماله على قمار وغرر محرم،  قال ابن تيمية: ثم إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فصّل ما جمعه الله في كتابه، فنهى صلى الله عليه وسلم عن بيع الغرر ـ كما رواه مسلم، وغيره عن أبي هريرة ـ رضي الله عنه ـ والغرر: هو المجهول العاقبة، فإن بيعه من الميسر الذي هو القمار. اهـ ... إلخ. والله أعلم.

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